Latest Blog Posts

See More Posts

MultiPoint Newsletter - September 2015

Point-of-Sale Terminal FCC Regulatory Requirements

Question: Point of Sale (POS) terminals are ubiquitous in the U.S. today. What testing/approvals, if any, does the FCC require?

Answer: The applicable FCC rules and regulations depend on the POS terminal itself.

A POS terminal with wireless modules requires FCC certification; if it does not contain any wireless capability and has solely digital circuitry, it will be subject to either FCC Verification or Declaration of Conformity procedures.

斗地主达人A POS terminal installed in a residential environment such as an apartment building is subject to FCC Class B digital device rules and regulations。

In the case of a POS terminal with an electric motor, when tested to show compliance with the FCC emissions standard, the motor’s emissions should be disregarded.

In the case of a POS terminal with fluorescent lighting driven with an RF source that operates above 9 kHz, the lights’ emissions should be ignored.

斗地主达人If the POS terminal fluorescent lighting is driven with an RF source, it is classified as RF lighting and subject to , applicable to digital devices.

The manufacturer of the components used in a POS terminal may produce the parts as subassemblies without testing. However, in this case, the final assembler of the POS terminal is responsible for complying with the rules, including testing the assembled system.

Based on the circumstances, applicable labelling is required as described in , , , and 。

Antenna Sensing System

Question: Can the 47CFR§15.203 antenna requirement be satisfied with the use of a transmitter antenna sensing system instead of a unique antenna connector? If so, can the output power for different antenna types be automatically adjusted using this system?

Answer: states in part “An intentional radiator shall be designed to ensure that no antenna other than that furnished by the responsible party shall be used with the device.”

斗地主达人An antenna sensing system ensures that a transmitter will operate only when the appropriate antenna(s) is attached, which is the intent of the standard。 The antenna sensing system is also designed to automatically adjust the output power for varying loads so it must be capable of accurately and reliably maintaining the output power level within prescribed limits for all normal environmental conditions, and variations in antenna cable lengths and antenna gains。

With respect to equipment authorization, compliance with all applicable FCC requirements must be demonstrated using:

  • highest and lowest gain antennas
  • minimum and maximum recommended feed-line lengths

Conducted Emissions vs Radiated Emissions

Question: The gain of our new antenna is 10 dB higher than that of the antenna certified with our device. Can we measure conducted emissions rather than radiated emissions?

Answer: No, conducted emissions cannot be measured in lieu of radiated emissions. The FCC requires actual, measured radiated emissions. In , the level of unwanted emissions is specified in terms of radiated emission limits. Different antennas have different cut-off characteristics; even if the RF conducted emissions are down 10 dB, the amount of attenuation at various frequencies and varying pass-bands may not necessarily translate to a 10 dB reduction for the associated radiated emissions, particularly any spurs, so the antenna conducted emissions measurement is not acceptable for determining compliance with the limit.

FCC Grantee Code Blocked

Question: Though our certification application indicates that our device is compliant with the FCC rules and regulations, our TCB is unable to generate the FCC grant for our device, saying that our FCC Grantee Code is blocked. Why would that happen, and how do we resolve this so that we can get our grant?

Answer: The primary reasons for the FCC to block a grantee code are:

  • Grantee fails to respond to an FCC request for a sample or other information;
  • Grantee’s contact information is invalid and/or attempts to contact the grantee are returned as undeliverable;
  • Grantee’s request;
  • TCB request due to Grantee’s failure to respond to a market surveillance request

To resolve the issue, check with the named contact in your company’s FCC Grantee Code database listing to determine if there is an outstanding audit sample or information request from the FCC or a TCB。 Check the FCC Grantee Code database to make sure that the contact information is accurate。 Based on what you find, take the necessary steps to provide the required response。 If you cannot find any reason for the Grantee Code to be blocked, submit an inquiry to the FCC requesting an explanation。

The FCC removes a Grantee Code block as soon as the requested sample, other acceptable requested information, or the required valid contact information, is received from the grantee。

Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - (8/28/2015) - Safety of machinery - Functional safety of safety-related electrical, Electronic and programmable electronic control systems
  • - (9/4/2015) - Surface acoustic wave (SAW) and bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexers of assessed quality - Part 1: Generic specification
  • - (9/11/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 2-040 Particular requirements for sterilizers and washer-disinfectors used to treat medical materials
  • - (9/11/2015) - Audio, video and related equipment - Determination of power consumption - Part 6: Audio equipment
  • - (9/18/2015) - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Particular requirements for commercial electric conveyor dishwashing machines
  • - (9/18/2015) - Explosive atmospheres - Part 28: Protection of equipment and transmission systems using optical radiation
  • - (9/18/2015) - Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes - Part 1: General requirements
  • - (9/18/2015) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-2: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance - Collateral Standard: Electromagnetic disturbances - Requirements and tests
  • - (9/18/2015) - Sound signalling devices for household and similar purposes

斗地主达人See for additional information。

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • - (August 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Guide for the selection of technical parameters for the production of Harmonised Standards covering article 3.1(b) and article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (8/28/2015) - Electrostatics - Part 2-1: Measurement methods - Ability of materials and products to dissipate static electric charge
  • - (8/28/2015) - Integrated circuits - Measurement of electromagnetic emissions - Part 1-1: General conditions and definitions - Near-field scan data exchange format
  • - (9/4/2015) - Amendement 2 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-13: Testing and measurement techniques – Harmonics and interharmonics including mains signalling at a.c. power port, low frequency immunity tests
  • - (9/4/2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4-16: Testing and measurement techniques – Test for immunity to conducted, common mode disturbances in the frequency range 0 Hz to 150 kHz
  • - (9/8/2015) - Explosive atmospheres - Part 10-1: Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres
  • - (9/15/2015) - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 3: CISPR technical reports
  • - (9/15/2015) - Amendment 2 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 3: CISPR technical reports
  • - (9/22/2015) - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus
  • - (9/22/2015) - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus
  • - (9/23/2015) - Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 4-44: Protection for safety - Protection against voltage disturbances and electromagnetic disturbances
  • - (9/23/2015) - Amendment 1 - Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 4-44: Protection for safety - Protection against voltage disturbances and electromagnetic disturbances

See for additional information。

Canada – New Terminal Equipment DoC Procedures in Effect

On September 30, 2015, Industry Canada came into effect. Changes are as follows:

  1. General editorial modifications were made.
  2. In Section 4 (Related Documents), reference to Terminal Equipment – Technical Specifications List (CS-03 Parts I and VIII) was added.
  3. In Section 6.3 (Technical Brief), CB Notice 2013-05 requirements to submit compliance folder upon registration were added.
  4. Annex B (Test Report Cover Sheet) was relocated from Annex A, and now includes CS-03 specification details and attestation.
  5. Annex D: (Test Report Requirements) was added. It includes a listing of test report requirements.

Mexico – NOM-121-SCT1-2009 Expiration Will Impact New Type Approvals

Rhein Tech has been advised by our local agent that NOM-121-SCT1-2009, the regulatory standard applicable to devices operating at 2400-2483。5 MHz, 5725-5850 MHz and 902-928 MHz, will expire October 19, 2015 and the new NOM regulation may not be issued for several months。 Applications for new Type Approvals for products operating in the 2400-2483。5 MHz, 5725-5850 MHz or 902-928 MHz band cannot be filed until the new NOM regulation is issued。 We've been advised that manufacturers should accelerate their Type Approvals for submission to Mexico's RF Authority, IFT (Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones) before the existing NOM-121-SCT1-2009 regulation expires。 There will be no impact to any devices approved in accordance with NOM-121-SCT1-2009 before October 19, 2015; these Type Approvals will remain valid and importation can continue。

China - Lithium-ion Batteries Must Comply with National Safety Standard

On August 21, 2015, China's Quality Certification Center (CQC) announced that Lithium-ion cells and batteries contained in portable electronic products which fall under GB 4943.1-2011 or GB 8898-2011 must immediately comply with GB 31241-2014, Safety Requirements for portable electronic products using lithium-ion batteries and battery packs. A few examples of portable electronic products under this scope are as follows:

  • Portable office electronics such as laptops or tablets
  • Mobile communication equipment such as cellphones, Bluetooth headsets, etc.
  • Portable AV equipment such as portable DVD, MP3, camera, etc.
  • Other equipment such as GPS navigation system, digital photo frame, digital games, etc.

UAE - New Cell Handset Requirements

Rhein Tech has been advised by our local agent that UAE's Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) confirmed new mandatory cellular handset requirements in recently published Technical Specification TS040. These requirements are being developed in order to establish a "Public Warning System" which will use several channels to broadcast public warnings in case of emergency or disaster situations. Technical requirements are below:

  1. The Handset should be configured by default to receive all Warning Notifications.
  2. Messages should support both English and Arabic languages.
  3. Messages should be limited to 1 page maximum.
  4. An emergency alert message should be immediately recognizable. (Emergency messages shall be specifically recognizable as being an emergency message that cannot be mistaken for an ordinary message).
  5. The emergency warning message should stay on the display regardless of the user setting, until the message indication is cancelled by the user.  It should be possible for the user to review the message at a later time.
  6. Handset should only be required to receive and present Warning Notifications in languages as presented by the Warning Notification Provider.
  7. It should be possible for the Warning Notification to be displayed on the handset upon reception and without any user interaction.
  8. The alerting indication for a specific Warning Notification should continue until suppressed by the user’s manual operation (e.g. by pushing keys).  The frequency and duration of the continued alerting indication is mobile device implementation-specific.  This should not suppress the alerting indication for subsequent Warning Notifications.
  9. The handset should not support any capabilities to forward received Warning Notifications, to reply to received Warning Notifications, or to copy and paste the content of Warning Notifications.
  10. The handset should have the ability to present previously displayed Warning Notifications if requested by the user.
  11. The handset should be able to support concurrent reception of multiple Warning Notifications.

These new requirements apply to all cellular handsets entering UAE beginning January 1, 2016.

Paraguay - 915-928 MHz Band Closed

Rhein Tech was recently advised by our local agent that the Paraguayan Authority, Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL), is no longer allowing the 915-928 MHz band for spread spectrum devices due to interference problems. Additionally, we've been advised that products operating in this band and with an existing Paraguayan Type Approval certificate may continue to operate until the existing Type Approval certificate expires.

South Africa - ICASA Publishes V-Band and E-Band Discussion Document

On September 9, 2015, the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) published a regarding the use and licensing of the band 57–66 GHz (V-Band) and the band 71–76 GHz paired with the band 81–86 GHz (E-Band)。 This document is in response to requests from operators and equipment vendors for access to these bands and the need to create a regulatory framework which takes into account the specific features of these bands。 ICASA encourages interested parties to submit their views on the Discussion no later than November 27, 2015。 Link:

Subscribe to Rhein Tech's Regulatory Update eNewsletter by emailing request to

Call us today! 703.689.0368
天天斗牛 海南4+1开奖 千旺彩票 斗地主达人 电竞竞猜