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MultiPoint Newsletter - October 2013

Applying FCC Class A Limit to Intentional Radiators

Question: We manufacture a Wi-Fi device and its conducted AC spurious emissions are measuring above the FCC Class B emission limits, however our device operates in a Class A environment.  Is it acceptable to apply the FCC Class A conducted AC spurious emission limits?

Answer:  Unlike FCC Part 15B unintentional radiating devices, which must adhere to , conducted AC spurious emissions from intentional radiating devices must adhere to of the FCC rules and regulations regardless of their operating environment.

There are particular rule sections, 47CFR§225 being one of them, where the transmitter’s carrier may be causing the conducted AC spurious emissions to be non-compliant with the Class B emissions limit, but to be compliant with the Class A limit.

When this is the case, the FCC allows the transmitter antenna to be removed and replaced with an appropriate dummy load per FCC KDB 174176.  The device has to meet Part 15.207 limits with the dummy load.

 

Online User Manual

Question:  We manufacture wireless devices and would like to ship our products without any paper or electronic user manuals included.  Instead, all manuals are available online on our website and can be downloaded from a URL link.  Does the FCC permit online manuals?

Answer: Yes, the FCC allows online user manuals in accordance with 784748 D01 Labelling Part 15 &18 Guidelines v07.  Per this document, acceptable formats for user information dissemination are paper, computer disk or the Internet.  Please note that any literature shipped with your product must include the URL link from which the manual can be downloaded.  Furthermore, it should be noted that Information to user requires that “the user should be cautioned in the user manual that changes/modifications not approved by the responsible party could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.”

The manual must also include any other relevant FCC statements such as and . 
 


R&TTE CA On Test Reports

Question: We recently had our wireless cell module tested to ETSI standards in order to meet the R&TTE directive but the test report we were provided by the lab only contains pass/fail statements, no test data.  Is this test report acceptable?

Answer:  The R&TTE Compliance Association issued TGN 18 on how test reports should be prepared by test laboratories, accepted by manufacturers, and reviewed by Notified Bodies. Briefly, it states the following:

  • All test reports should contain actual test results in accordance with the requirements of the standard and in order to correctly demonstrate compliance with the limits. 
  • Manufacturers are to insist on actual test results in the test report. This will enable them to make an informed decision about the product, based on the test results and compliance margins when compared to the test lab’s measurement uncertainties and their own manufacturing tolerances. 
  • Notified Bodies are to insist on actual test results in all test reports contained in the Technical Construction Files (TCFs) being reviewed.  The NB’s decision on the performance and on-going compliance of the device being assessed is directly linked to the device’s performance during the compliance tests.
 

EN 300 328 Adequate Spectrum Sharing Mechanism

Question:  We manufacture Wi-Fi devices that were tested to EN 300 328 V1.7.1.  The Official Journal of The European Union (OJ) dated October 12, 2013 shows a new version that has now been published, EN 300 328 V1.8.1, which is effective January 1, 2015.  Furthermore, the OJ listing for EN 300 328 V1.7.1 includes a note stating that “an adequate spectrum sharing mechanism” must be implemented and tested. Based on this note, do we have to re-test our product now?

Answer:  EN 300 328 V1.8.1, with an effective date of January 1, 2015, has been adopted and published in the OJ for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and other devices in the 2.4 GHz band.  The OJ gives the Date Of Cessation Of Presumption Of Conformity Of the Superseded Standard (DOCOPOCOSS), December 31, 2014 in the case of EN 300 328 V1.7.1; therefore V1.8.1 is effective January 1, 2015.

If your tested Wi-Fi devices are already in the EU, no re-testing would be necessary because devices currently in the EU will be grandfathered.

Any devices not already in the EU would need to be re-evaluated now before being shipped to the EU.

The note related to V1.7.1 essentially means that Medium Utilization (MU) factor defined as a measure to quantify the amount of resources (Power and Time) used by non-adaptive equipment, where MU = (P/100 mW) Duty Cycle, described in EN 300 328 V1.8.1, must be tested.

Effective January 1, 2015, all wireless equipment in the 2.4 GHz band needs to be tested to EN 300 328 V1.8.1.

 

Standards Updates


EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - (9/27/2013) - Information supplied by the manufacturer of medical devices
  • - (9/27/2013) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-201: Particular requirements for control equipment
  • - (10/4/2013) - Basic standard on measurement and calculation procedures for human exposure to electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (0 Hz - 300 GHz)
  • - (10/4/2013) - Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 31: Particular safety and EMC requirements for sewing machines, units and systems
  • - (10/4/2013) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance
  • - (10/4/2013) - Integrated circuits - Measurement of impulse immunity - Part 3: Non-synchronous transient injection method
  • - (10/4/2013) - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Shipborne radar - Performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
  • - (10/11/2013) - Switchable batteries for electric cars
  • - (10/11/2013) - Smart grid projects in Europe
  • - (10/18/2013) - Power line communication apparatus used in low-voltage installations - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement - Part 1: Apparatus for in-home use
  • - (10/18/2013) - External a.c. - d.c. and a.c. - a.c. power supplies – Determination of no-load power and average efficiency of active modes
  • - (10/18/2013) - Measuring relays and protection equipment - Part 26: Electromagnetic compatibility requirements
  • 3 - (10/25/2013) - Sound system equipment: Headphones and earphones associated with personal music players - Maximum sound pressure level measurement methodology - Part 1: General method for "one package equipment"
  • - (10/25/2013) - Sound system equipment: Headphones and earphones associated with personal music players - Maximum sound pressure level measurement methodology - Part 2: Matching of sets with headphones if either or both are offered separately, or are offered as one package equipment but with standardised connectors between the two allowing to combine components of different manufacturers or different design
  • - (10/25/2013) - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-7: Particular requirements for washing machines

See for additional information.

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Maritime mobile transmitters and receivers for use in the MF and HF bands; Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement 
  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Technical characteristics and methods of measurement for shipborne watchkeeping receivers for reception of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) in the maritime MF, MF/HF and VHF bands 
  • - (September 2013) - Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Radiocommunications equipment operating in the 5 855 MHz to 5 925 MHz frequency band; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive 
  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices; Smart Metering Wireless Access Protocol; Part 2: Data Link Layer (MAC Sub-layer) 
  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive 
  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.3(e) of the R&TTE Directive 
  • - (September 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Method for a harmonized definition of Duty Cycle Template (DCT) transmission as a passive mitigation technique used by short range devices and related conformance test methods 
  • - (October 2013) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Part 13: Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) User Equipment (UE) 
  • - (October 2013) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Part 14: Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) Base Stations (BS) 
  • - (October 2013) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Part 2: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) User Equipment (UE) 
  • - (October 2013) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Part 3: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) Base Stations (BS)

See for additional information。

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (September 2013) - Conformity assessment -- Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems -- Part 4: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of event sustainability management systems
  • - (September 2013) - Electroacoustics - Sound level meters - Part 1: Specifications
  • - (September 2013) - Electroacoustics - Sound level meters - Part 2: Pattern evaluation tests
  • - (October 2013) - Measuring relays and protection equipment - Part 27: Product safety requirements
  • - (October 2013) - Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Portable sealed rechargeable single cells - Part 1: Nickel-cadmium
  • - (October 2013) - Cold cathode fluorescent lamps - Part 1: Safety specifications
  • - (October 2013) - External electrode fluorescent lamps - Part 1: Safety specifications
  • - (October 2013) - Amendment 1 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods – Part 4-2: Uncertainties, statistics and limit modelling – Measurement instrumentation uncertainty
  • - (October 2013) - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-6: Testing and measurement techniques - Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields
  • - (October 2013) - Metallic communication cable test methods - Part 4-3: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Surface transfer impedance - Triaxial method
  • - (October 2013) - Recommendations for small renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification - Part 1: General introduction to IEC 62257 series and rural electrification
  • - (October 2013) - Amendment 1 - Fire hazard testing – Part 2-12: Glowing/hot-wire based test methods – Glow-wire flammability index (GWFI) test method for materials
  • - (October 2013) - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – Track control systems – Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
  • - (October 2013) - Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance
  • - (October 2013) - Corrigendum 2 - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 1: General requirements

See for additional information.

US - New ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Computers

In mid-September 2013, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published the ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Computers, Version 6.0, covering the following products:

  • Desktop and integrated desktop computers
  • Notebook computers (such as mobile thin clients)
  • Workstations
  • Small-scale servers that are marketed and sold for non-data-centre use
  • Thin clients
These new specifications will go into effect on June 2, 2014.  The major changes from the current Version 5.2 are as follows: 
  • Product category classifications
  • Idle mode testing method
  • Adjusted mode weightings
  • Adjusted typical energy consumption (TEC) levels for graphic cards
  • Added incentive for power supplies, displays and energy-efficient Ethernet capability 
Please see for additional information 
 

US - FDA Extends Deadline for IEC 60601-1 3rd Edition

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has extended their deadline for IEC 60601-1 3rd Edition medical device electrical standard compliance to December 31, 2013.
 
The FDA had previously set a date of June 30, 2013 for manufacturers of all patient vicinity medical electrical equipment to transition from IEC 60601-1 Edition 2:1988 (IEC 60601-1 2nd Edition) to ANSI/AAMI ES60601-1:2005(R) 2012 (IEC 60601-1 3rd Edition); from that date, the agency would not have accepted declarations of conformity to IEC 60601-1 2nd edition submitted with 510(k), Premarket Approval (PMA) and other medical device registration applications.  
 

Canada - Release of RSS-130 and SRSP-518

 
On October 5, 2013, Industry Canada released the following two new standards:
  • : Mobile Broadband Services (MBS) Equipment Operating in the Frequency Bands 698-756 MHz and 777-787 MHz, which sets out the certification requirements for transmitters and receivers for MBS systems in the frequency bands 698-756 MHz and 777-787 MHz
  • : Technical Requirements for Mobile Broadband Services in the Bands 698-756 MHz and 777-787 MHz, which sets out the minimum technical requirements for the efficient utilization of the 700 MHz band for Mobile Broadband Services.
Both RSS-130 and SRSP-518 address certification and licensing requirements for equipment operating in the 700 MHz band for Mobile Broadband Service.

Canada - Release of SRSP 325.25

On September 14, 2013, Industry Canada released , which states the minimum technical requirements for the efficient use of the frequency bands 25.25-26.5 GHz and 27.5-28.35 GHz by line-of-sight radio systems in the fixed service, including point-to-point and point-to-multipoint systems.
 

EU: Updated List of R&TTE  and LVD Harmonized Standards

The European Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union the following updated consolidated list of harmonized standards to be used for assessing compliance:

Mexico – COFETEL is now known as IFETEL

On September 3, 2013, Mexico's Senate confirmed appointment of the 7 commissioners for IFETEL, the new telecom authority in Mexico replacing the COFETEL. We anticipate there will be no impact on the existing product type approval process and no impact on any products which have been previously approved under the COFETEL Scheme.
 
However, moving forward - all products Approved under the IFETEL Scheme should be labelled as follows:
  • For products with on-board/integrated radios: "IFETEL: xxxxxxxxxxxxx"
  • For host products containing Approved modules: "This product contains an Approved module, Model No. xxxx, IFETEL No. xxxxxxxxxxxxx"
 

Taiwan - BSMI Published New Standard for Batteries

 
During late July 2013, Taiwan’s BSMI published draft #10230015100, a new regulation for secondary lithium cells /cells pack secondary lithium batteries pack for portable application and battery charging products.
  1. The new approval requirement will go into effect on March 1, 2014. The certification is valid for three years from the date of issue.
  2. If you already have RPC certification of an adapter, and the adapter also includes a portable battery, the battery must comply with the new rules or the adapter’s certification will be cancelled.
  3. New products requiring Type Approval and containing lithium cells or packs must comply with the new approval requirement by June 1, 2014.   Existing Type Approved products with certificates prior to June 1, 2014 do not have to comply to the new rule until their existing certificate expires. 
  4. Products approved with a BSMI DoC must comply with the new rules by December 1, 2014.
 

China - New Energy Efficiency Standard for Flat Panel Televisions

Beginning October 1, 2013, China's Minimum Allowable Values of Energy Efficiency and Energy Efficiency levels for Flat Panel Televisions (GB 24850-2013), will go into effect. China's Quality Certification Center (CQC) also released a new version of energy conservation certification rules for flat panel televisions CQC31-452631-2013 to replace CQC31-452631-2009.
 
A summary of the requirements are as follows:
  1. As of October 1, 2013, CQC will no longer issue certificates with old version standard GB 24850-2010 for the flat panel televisions.
  2. Current certificate holders should submit a new application. Retesting of products may be required.
  3. Certificate updates should be completed before October 1, 2014. Certificates not updated by this date will be suspended and if not updated before January 1, 2015, they will be permanently cancelled.
The new version of this standard contains the following:
  • Added requirements for external power supply.
  • Added time limit requirement for review.
  • Confirmed requirements for location of the mark and ways of use.

Mongolia – New Type Approval Procedure

Mongolia’s Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC), just recently established their new conformity assessment procedure regarding Type Approval of radio and telecommunications equipment. 
 
The following changes have been implemented: 
  • Samples are no longer required for local testing or inspection.  Type Approval can be obtained by a paperwork only process.  However, the Authority has the right to request a sample if the documentation and test reports provided are not deemed sufficient. 
  • It is mandatory for the  local importer or distributor of the product to act as the Approval holder.
  • Certificates can be valid for a period of up to 3 years but validity is dependent upon product type. 
Moving forward, all products being imported into Mongolia must now apply for Type Approval under this new procedure. Any applications placed on hold earlier this year must now also follow the new procedure. However, this does not apply to certificates that are still valid.  Official regulations confirming all changes are due to be published shortly, more details will follow accordingly. 

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