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MultiPoint Newsletter - November 2016

New Test Lab Needed?

Question: Earlier this year when we were discussing our short-term and long-term testing plans with our long-time test lab, we were advised that we would need to find a new test lab for any testing to be done after July. Then during our search for a new test lab, they advised us that they could continue testing for us until July 2017, and perhaps beyond, but didn’t provide any explanation. What could have changed?

Answer: It sounds as though your long-time test lab may currently be a “2.948-listed” facility, with hopes of obtaining accreditation, and is working within the new rules for test laboratories set out in the Report and Order issued in December 2014; the July 13, 2016 implementation deadline was extended to July 13, 2017.

Prior to the Report and Order, based on the type of device and the equipment authorization being sought, the FCC allowed testing to be done at accredited facilities, meaning they were assessed to ISO/IEC 17025 and recognized by the Office of Engineering and Technology (OET), or at facilities with qualifications acknowledged by the OET, known as 2.948-listed facilities.

The Report and Order “requires accreditation of all laboratories that test equipment subject to any of the certification procedures under Part 2 of the Commission’s rules and codify a procedure through which the Commission currently recognizes new laboratory accreditation bodies”, which effectively brings to an end the 2。948-listing program for unaccredited labs。

A transition period was provided and the implementation date was set for July 13, 2016。 From that point forward, a test facility would no longer be able to perform testing as outlined in the Report and Order without an ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation。

However, this summer it was determined that the July 13, 2016 deadline was too soon to allow the test facilities to schedule and receive an ISO/IEC 17025 assessment, so in June 2016, the FCC announced that it would extend the time during which it will recognize 2。948-listed test facilities to July 13, 2017, so as not to disrupt the approval, sale and distribution of RF equipment in the U。S。

Per the transition period rules, if a device was tested in a 2.948-listed test laboratory, the certification application must be submitted before October 12, 2017 to be considered.

Effective October 13, 2017, the FCC sunset period ends, and data from 2。948-listed laboratories will not be accepted。

2.948-listed test facilities/laboratories:

  • May continue to submit test data in support of certification applications through October 12, 2017.
  • Will remain 2.948-listed until the expiration of their listed date, or through July 13, 2017, whichever comes first.
  • May request that the FCC extend their expiration date through July 13, 2017, if their expiration date precedes that date.

斗地主达人If devices are tested at an accredited ISO/IEC 17025 laboratory, the Report and Order changes do not impact your products or processes.


Test Laboratories – 2.948-listed vs. Accredited

Question: How can I determine if the test lab we utilize is accredited to ISO/IEC 17025, or if it is 2.948-listed?

Answer: You can determine the current status of your test laboratory as it relates to this issue by going to this , Equipment Authorization System Test Firm Search, which permits you to find a test laboratory which is authorized by the FCC to perform compliance testing. You may either follow the prompts on the screen, or you may download files of 2.948-listed and accredited test firms.

Please note that a test facility currently 2。948-listed may be in the process of obtaining ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation, or scheduling an assessment, neither of which are reflected on this site, so we recommend you contact the facility directly to confirm their status。

The accreditation and recognition of a test site applies to a specific test facility。 All testing, including testing by external resources and subcontracted testing, must be performed at an accredited test facility that is recognized by the FCC。

If your device is tested at more than one site, the test report should specify what tests were performed at which locations.

斗地主达人After October 12, 2017, if testing is performed at a non-accredited site, the test results and test report will not be accepted, even if an FCC accredited testing laboratory reviewed and deemed the results acceptable。


UWB Device Testing Using Spectrum Analyzer without True RMS Detector

Question:斗地主达人 We are using a Spectrum Analyzer without a true root-mean-square (RMS) detector. Can we measure our ultra wide band device (UWB) that operates above 960 MHz with this analyzer?

Answer: To measure UWB emissions above 960 MHz, a spectrum analyzer with a true RMS (power averaging) detector is preferred.

If using a spectrum analyzer without a true RMS detector, the following alternative multi-step technique can be used to measure the true RMS level:

  • Perform a peak detection scan of the UWB spectrum of your device using a resolution bandwidth (RBW) of 1 MHz and a video bandwidth (VBW) of no less than 1 MHz.  The resulting trace will be used to identify the frequency and bandwidth of the five highest peaks in the spectrum. 
  • Place the analyzer in a “zero span” mode with a RBW of 1 MHz, a VBW equal to or greater than 1 MHz, and a detector selected that does not distort or smooth the instantaneous signal levels, e.g., a “sample” detector. 
  • With these settings, in each 1 MHz frequency bin across the bandwidth of each of the five highest peaks identified in the first step, obtain a minimum of 10 independent instantaneous points representing the highest amplitude readings during the time that a pulse is present.  Note that when the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of your device under test is less than the 1 MHz RBW, it may require a significant number of samples to ensure that a minimum of 10 samples with the pulse present are obtained. 
  • You must post-process the data obtained from these measurements to determine the true RMS average power levels.  You can perform this post-processing manually, or use appropriate software.
  • If your device is authorized under , e.g. an indoor UWB device, you may require a low-noise preamplifier to measure emissions to the levels necessary to determine compliance with those limits specified in the frequency band 960 MHz to 1610 MHz.
  • If you plan to perform your device’s radiated measurements on an open area test site (OATS) instead of in an anechoic room, then you will need a preamplifier, and to prevent saturation from strong ambient RF signals, you must insert a preselect filter ahead of the preamplifier.

To verify compliance with the FCC emission limits below 960 MHz, a spectrum analyzer with a quasi-peak detector is required to measure the UWB device emissions.


Import Limitations on RF Devices

Question: Is there a limit on the number of radio devices that we may import for FCC compliance testing, industry trade shows, and evaluation/suitability for marketing?

Answer: Per 47CFR§2.1204, the FCC does limit the number, type, and conditions under which RF devices may be imported. stipulates that RF devices can be imported in quantities of 4000 or fewer units for testing and evaluation to determinate compliance with the FCC rules and regulations, product development, or suitability for marketing. stipulates that 200 or fewer RF devices designed solely for operation within one of the FCC’s authorized radio services for which an operating license is required to be issued by the FCC, or 10 or fewer units of all other products, can be imported for demonstration at industry trade shows. Both rules state that the devices will not be offered for sale or marketed.

If you require more than the FCC rules allow, you may request an import quantity waiver, per and .

An import quantity waiver request must be submitted well in advance of the import date and it must address 10 specific points that are detailed in 741304 D01 Import Waiver v01. This document also provides important instructions for submitting the import waiver request via the FCC OET Knowledge Database (KDB) Inquiry System so that the waiver request is reviewed and processed most efficiently.


Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - 11/4/2016 - Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14: Sectional specification - Fixed capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains
  •  - 11/4/2016 - Measurement procedure for the assessment of specific absorption rate of human exposure to radio frequency fields from hand-held and body-mounted wireless communication devices - Part 1: Devices used next to the ear (Frequency range of 300 MHz to 6 GHz)
  • - 11/4/2016 - Protection against lightning - Part 4: Electrical and electronic systems within structures
  •  - 11/11/2016 - Fire hazard testing - Part 1-21: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Ignitability - Summary and relevance of test methods
  •  - 11/11/2016 - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-012: Particular requirements for climatic and environmental testing and other temperature conditioning equipment
  • - 11/18/2016 - Primary batteries - Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte
  •  - 11/18/2016 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-3: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance - Collateral Standard: Radiation protection in diagnostic X-ray equipment
  •  - 11/18/2016 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-33: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of magnetic resonance equipment for medical diagnosis
  •  - 11/18/2016 - Electrostatics - Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena - General requirements
  •  - 11/18/2016 - Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion of electric road vehicles - Part 3: Safety requirements

See for additional information.

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  •  - (November 2016) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Base Stations (BS), Repeaters and User Equipment (UE) for IMT-2000 Third-Generation cellular networks; Part 10: Harmonised Standard for IMT-2000, FDMA/TDMA (DECT) covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Active Antenna System (AAS) Base Station (BS) conformance testing; Part 1: conducted conformance testing (3GPP TS 37.145-1 version 13.0.0 Release 13)
  • - (November 2016) - Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Active Antenna System (AAS) Base Station (BS) conformance testing; Part 2: radiated conformance testing (3GPP TS 37.145-2 version 13.0.0 Release 13)
  • - (November 2016) - Land Mobile Service; Radio equipment for analogue and/or digital communication (speech and/or data) and operating on narrow band channels and having an antenna connector; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 1: Requirements for Generic UWB applications
  • - (November 2016) - Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 2: Requirements for UWB location tracking
  • - (November 2016) - Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 3: Requirements for UWB devices for ground based vehicular applications
  • - (November 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Receive-Only Mobile Earth Stations (ROMES) providing data communications operating in the 1,5 GHz frequency band; Radio Frequency (RF) specifications covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Low data rate Land Mobile satellite Earth Stations (LMES) and Maritime Mobile satellite Earth Stations (MMES) not intended for distress and safety communications operating in the 1,5 GHz/1,6 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Land Mobile Earth Stations (LMES) providing voice and/or data communications, operating in the 1,5 GHz and 1,6 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Aircraft Earth Stations (AES) providing Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Service (AMSS)/Mobile Satellite Service (MSS) and/or the Aeronautical Mobile Satellite on Route Service (AMS(R)S)/Mobile Satellite Service (MSS), operating in the frequency band below 3 GHz covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Harmonised Standard for Mobile Earth Stations (MES) of Geostationary mobile satellite systems, including handheld earth stations, for Satellite Personal Communications Networks (S-PCN) under the Mobile Satellite Service (MSS), operating in the 1,5 GHz and 1,6 GHz frequency bands covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Short Range Devices (SRD) using Ultra Wide Band technology (UWB); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 4: Material Sensing devices using UWB technology below 10,6 GHz
  • - (November 2016) - Radio Frequency Identification Equipment operating in the band 865 MHz to 868 MHz with power levels up to 2 W and in the band 915 MHz to 921 MHz with power levels up to 4 W; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Wideband transmission systems; Data transmission equipment operating in the 2,4 GHz ISM band and using wide band modulation techniques; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 5: Specific conditions for Private land Mobile Radio (PMR) and ancillary equipment (speech and non-speech) and Terrestrial Trunked Radio (TETRA) Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 6: Specific conditions for Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 15: Specific conditions for commercially available amateur radio equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 31: Specific conditions for equipment in the 9 kHz to 315 kHz band for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and related peripheral devices (ULP-AMI-P); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 51: Specific conditions for Automotive, Ground based Vehicles and Surveillance Radar Devices using 24,05 GHz to 24,25 GHz, 24,05 GHz to 24,5 GHz, 76 GHz to 77 GHz and 77 GHz to 81 GHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1b of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Navigation radar for use on non-SOLAS vessels; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (November 2016) - Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment (500 kbit/s / 250 kbit/s) operating in the 5 795 MHz to 5 815 MHz frequency band; Part 2: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Sub-part 2: On-Board Units (OBU)

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (10/28/2016) - Low-voltage switch mode power supplies - Part 3: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
  • - (11/07/2016) - Low-voltage switch mode power supplies - Part 7: Safety requirements
  • - (11/16/2016) - Amendment 2 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-109: Particular requirements for UV radiation water treatment appliances
  • - (11/16/2016) - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-109: Particular requirements for UV radiation water treatment appliances
  • - (11/18/2016) - Integrated circuits - EMC evaluation of transceivers - Part 2: LIN transceivers
  • - (11/18/2016) - Fire hazard testing - Part 1-10: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - General guidelines
  • - (11/18/2016) - Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems - Part 3: EMC requirements and specific test methods
  • - (11/25/2016) - Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements

See for additional information.

FCC – New Rules Adopted for mmWave above 24 GHz

On November 14, 2016, the FCC adopted rules for specific millimeter wave (mmW) bands above 24 GHz。 The action was undertaken to establish a regulatory framework for the use of these bands for the development of the next generational evolution of wireless technology。 The new rules go into effect on December 14, 2016, with the aim of promoting the development of highly beneficial technologies, in particular 5G technology。 All new rule parts go into effect on December 14, 2016, with the exception of Sec。 25。136 and 30。8 which contain information collection requirements that are not effective until approved by the Office of Management and Budget。 。

EU – New Version of RED

On November 11, 2016, the European Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union an updated version of the Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/ available .

China – New Standard for Cordless Phones

On October 28, 2016, China’s CQC (China Quality Certification) announced that the national standard GB 19483-2004 for Cordless Phones is obsolete and has been replaced with a new standard GB/T 19483-2016. This new standard went into effect on November 1, 2016. For new applications or variant applications occurring after November 1, 2016, local tests must be conducted against the new standard GB/T 19483-2016.

Products already approved under GB 19483-2004 will remain compliant and no additional action is required。 At the time of renewal, manufacturers have the option to still renew against GB 19483-2004 via a paperwork-only process, or to perform supplementary testing against GB/T 19483-2016 to obtain a new Type Approval Certificate。

A detailed comparison between GB 19483-2004 and GB/T 19483-2016 can be found below:

Test Items GB 19483-2004 GB/T 19483-2016 Supplementary Testing
Conducted Spurious Emissions / Same as before N/A
Conducted Spurious Emissions / Same as before N/A
Radiated Emission Frequency range:
30 MHz – 1 GHz
Frequency range:
30 MHz – 6 GHz
Radiated testing from
1 GHz – 6 GHz
Conducted Emission Frequency range:
0.02 MHz – 30 MHz
Frequency range:
0.15 MHz – 30 MHz
N/A
Harmonic, Voltage Fluctuation, Flicker / Same as before N/A
Static Discharge / Same as before N/A
Radiated Immunity Frequency range:
80 MHz – 2 GHz
Frequency range:
80 MHz - 2.7 GHz
Radiated immunity testing from
2 GHz - 2.7 GHz
Electrical Fast Transient (Common-mode) / Same as before N/A
Surge (Common-mode & differential-mode) / Same as before N/A
Conducted Emission for RF field (Common-mode) / Same as before N/A
Voltage Dips & Short Interruptions Class:
a)  Powering voltage dips by 30%, it lasts 10ms
b)  Powering voltage drop by 60%, it lasts 100ms
c)  Powering voltage dips by 95%, it lasts 5s
Class:
a)  Powering voltage dips to 0%, it lasts 10ms
b)  Powering voltage dips to 0%, it lasts 20ms
c)  Powering voltage dips to 70%, it lasts 500ms; the class for Short Interruptions immunity: powering voltage dips to 0%, it lasts 5000ms
The whole testing item shall be started under new standard.
Power Frequency Magnetic Field / Same as before N/A

 

Vietnam – Proposed Rule Changes

Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) recently published for public discussion a draft regulation No. _2016/TT-BTTTT, which will replace current regulation No. 05/2014/TT-BTTTT. The following are the changes proposed:

  1. One more national standard (QCVN86) will be required for GSM devices;
  2. One more national standard (QCVN18) will be applicable to W-CDMA FDD devices;
  3. 2.4 GHz & 5 GHz wireless devices will be now considered as short range devices and mandatory Type Approval will be required regardless of the output power (previously only products with output power more than 60 mW required Type Approval in these frequencies);
  4. RFID equipment operating on the 866-868 MHz band and its applicable standards (QCVN 95:2015/BTTTT and QCVN 96:2015/BTTTT) have now been added to the list of SRD and remain to be subject to mandatory Type Approval.
  5. UWB and its standards (QCVN 47:2015/BTTTT and QCVN 94:2015/BTTTT) have now been added to the list of SRD.
  6. 60 GHz WiGig and its applicable standards (QCVN 88:2015/BTTTT and QCVN 18:2014/BTTTT) have now been added to the list of SRD.
  7. Wireless audio equipment on frequency band o25 MHz – 2000 MHz and its standard (QCVN 91:2015/BTTTT) have now been added to the list of SRD.
  8. Lithium batteries used in notebooks, mobile phones and tablets added to the list of products are subject to Announcement of Standard Conformity (DoC). Applicable technical standard is QCVN101:2016/BTTTT.

It is anticipated the draft regulation will go into effect on April 1, 2017 and all existing Type Approval certificates will continue to be valid until the certificate expiration date, or September 30, 2017, which ever one comes first. Comments on the proposed draft regulation may be submitted in a form of a formal letter and sent to:

Department of Science and Technology
Ministry of Information and Communication
18 Nguyen Du Street, Hanoi, Vietnam (Block B, Floor 4th)
Tel: 04 39437328
Attn: Mr. Le Xuan Cong, Head of the Department

Colombia – New Regulations Requiring Letter of No Action (LONA)

Colombia’s Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC) recently advised that mobile terminal devices with data for which an LONA (Letter of No Action) has already been obtained, will be exempt from Type Approval under the new Resolución 5031, 2016 and can continue to be imported into Colombia with no further action. This new regulation goes into effect on January 7, 2017, and the CRC has advised manufacturers to obtain an LONA for any mobile terminal devices with data (current or future products) ahead of the implementation of the new regulation; thereby removing the requirement of Type Approval. If an LONA is not obtained prior to January 7, 2017, such devices will require Type Approval under the new regulation. It should be noted that mobile terminal devices with voice function still require formal Type Approval under current Resolución 4507, 2014 and will continue to do so under the new Resolución 5031, 2016.

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