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MultiPoint Newsletter - May 2016

Drone Regulations

Question: We designed a small drone with a transmitter and a First Person View (FPV) video system. What FCC regulations apply to this device?

Answer: First, be aware that in addition to FCC regulations, drones are subject to FAA regulations. Additional information on FAA regulations for drones can be found .

Radio Control (R/C) service is commonly used as the communications link between the operator/ground control station and devices such as model aircraft (including drones) and boats, located at places distant from the operator.

Your small drone with a R/C transmitter falls under FCC , a private, one-way, short distance non-voice communications service for the operation of devices at remote locations. Authorized channels for this service are between 72.0‑73.0 MHz and 75.4‑76.0 MHz, along with six channels between 26.995‑27.255 MHz that may be used to control devices.

Most R/C transmitters are certified by the manufacturer or vendor for low-powered, unlicensed operations on frequency bands authorized under Part 15. The transmitters are certified for compliance with certain technical standards designed to limit interference with other devices, and as indicated, do not require an operator’s license.

However, your drone includes a First Person View (FPV) video system, which typically requires more output power than allowed under Part 15, and as a result, cannot be certified for unlicensed operations. The operator of this drone will have to obtain an Amateur Radio license from the FCC pursuant to . There are three levels of Amateur Radio licenses – Technician, General, and Amateur Extra. For FPV use, the lowest level license, Technician, is sufficient.


Device Service Port

Question: Our device has an input/output port used only as a service port for maintenance, initial installation, pre-programming, repair, or adjustments, but not during normal use. For FCC certification testing, should we attach a cable to this input/output port?

Answer: In accordance with ANSI C63.4-2014, American National Standard for Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40 GHz, cables that are used during normal device operation must be connected during compliance testing, but cables that are generally used only temporarily for maintenance, initial installation, pre-programming, repair, adjustment etc., do not need to be connected to your device during emissions compliance testing. The general requirements in clauses 6.3.1(a) and (b) of ANSI C63.4-2014 are as follows:

"a) EUT arrangement is the manner in which the EUT and its associated equipment are laid out on the test table for tabletop equipment or on the floor for floor-standing equipment. The EUT shall be carefully arranged in a manner that is most representative of the equipment as typically used (i.e., as specified in the EUT instruction manual) or as specified herein. Equipment that typically operates within a system made of multiple interconnected units should be tested as part of such a typical operational system.

b) The system that is tested shall be based on that typically marketed to the end user. If the marketing information is not available or it is not practical to assemble extraordinary amounts of equipment to replicate a complete marketed product installation, the test shall be performed using the best judgment of the test engineer in consultation with the design engineering staff. The results of any such discussion and decision process shall be reported in the test report. A photograph or detailed drawing shall be used to document the equipment arrangement and shall be part of the test report."


Part 15 Amplifiers (Boosters) and Amplifier Kits

Question: We designed a FCC Part 15 transmitter and a complimentary amplifier (booster) that we intend to market as a single unit. Do the FCC rules allow this?

Answer:斗地主达人 The FCC does not allow Part 15 external power amplifiers (boosters) or amplifier kits to be used, manufactured, sold or leased, offered for sale or lease (including advertising for sale or lease), or imported, shipped, or distributed for the purpose of selling or leasing by any person except as shown under “External radio frequency power amplifiers and antenna modifications” in (b) and (d):

“(b) A transmission system consisting of an intentional radiator, an external radio frequency power amplifier, and an antenna, may be authorized, marketed and used under this part。 Except as described otherwise in this section, when a transmission system is authorized as a system, it must always be marketed as a complete system and must always be used in the configuration in which it was authorized。

(d) Except as described in this paragraph, an external radio frequency power amplifier or amplifier kit shall be marketed only with the system configuration with which it was approved and not as a separate product.

(1) An external radio frequency power amplifier may be marketed for individual sale provided it is intended for use in conjunction with a transmitter that operates in the 902‑928 MHz, 2400‑2483.5 MHz, and 5725‑5850 MHz bands pursuant to §15.247 of this part, or a transmitter that operates in the 5.725‑5.825 GHz band pursuant to §15.407 of this part. The amplifier must be of a design such that it can only be connected as part of a system in which it has been previously authorized. (The use of a non-standard connector or a form of electronic system identification is acceptable.) The output power of such an amplifier must not exceed the maximum permitted output power of its associated transmitter.

(2) The outside packaging and user manual for external radio frequency power amplifiers sold in accordance with paragraph (d)(1) of this section must include notification that the amplifier can be used only in a system which it has obtained authorization. Such a notice must identify the authorized system by FCC Identifier.”


Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) Spectroscopy

Question: We have designed a Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) spectroscopy machine that detects various explosives. Under which FCC rules can we certify our machine?

Answer:斗地主达人 Your NQR spectroscopy machine falls under of the FCC rules and regulations.

NQR is a chemical analysis technique related to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); NQR spectroscopy is referred to as “zero Field NMR” because unlike NMR, NQR transitions of nuclei can be detected in the absence of a magnetic field。 The NQR resonance is mediated by the interaction of the electric field gradient (EFG) with the quadrupole moment of the nuclear charge distribution。 Because the EFG at the location of a nucleus in a given substance is determined primarily by the valence electrons involved in the particular bond with other nearby nuclei, the NQR frequency at which transitions occur is unique for a given substance。 EFG energy is used to excite the molecules to create nuclear quadrupole resonance in a material, and is not used for communications。

The above explanation is restricted to non-consumer devices that are operated for the purpose of explosives detection. Your device is also subject to the radiated emission limits in for miscellaneous equipment operating on a non-ISM frequency.

Furthermore, according to , prior to marketing, your device must be verified for compliance with the FCC rules for non-consumer equipment。


Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - 4/29/2016 - Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14: Sectional specification - Fixed capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains
  • - 4/29/2016 - Passive filter units for electromagnetic interference suppression - Part 3: Passive filter units for which safety tests are appropriate
  • - 4/29/2016 - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Report of the CENELEC/ETSI Joint Working Group in response to the EC letter ENTRP/F5/DP/MM/entr.f5.(2013)43164 to the ESOs
  • - 5/6/2016 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-3: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment - Disturbance power
  • - 5/6/2016 - Fire hazard testing - Part 1-20: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Ignitability - General guidance
  • - 5/13/2016 - Metallic communication cable test methods - Part 4-7: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Test method for measuring of transfer impedance ZT and screening attenuation as or coupling attenuation ac of connectors and assemblies up to and above 3 GHz - Triaxial tube in tube method

See for additional information.

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • - (April 2016) - LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements for mobile terminals and ancillary equipment (3GPP TS 36.124 version 13.1.0 Release 13)
  • - (April 2016) - Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (April 2016) - Ultra Low Power Active Medical Implants (ULP-AMI) and associated Peripherals (ULP-AMI-P) operating in the frequency range 402 MHz to 405 MHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (April 2016) - Network Based Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 870 MHz to 876 MHz frequency range with power levels ranging up to 500 mW; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (April 2016) - Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Satellite broadcast reception equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 2: Indoor unit
  • - (April 2016) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.113 version 13.1.0 Release 13)
  • - (April 2016) - Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Active Antenna System (AAS) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.114 version 13.0.0 Release 13)
  • - (May 2016) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 3: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) Base Stations (BS)
  • - (May 2016) - Citizens' Band (CB) radio equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - (May 2016) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 11: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) Repeaters
  • - (May 2016) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 20: OFDMA TDD WMAN (Mobile WiMAXTM) TDD Base Stations (BS)

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (4/27/2016) - Safety requirements for radio transmitting equipment - General requirements and terminology
  • - (4/27/2016) - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-1: Testing and measurement techniques - Overview of IEC 61000-4 series
  • - (4/28/2016) - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-40: Particular requirements for electrical heat pumps, air-conditioners and dehumidifiers
  • - (4/29/2016) - Amendment 1 - Fixed capacitors for use in electronic equipment - Part 14: Sectional specification - Fixed capacitors for electromagnetic interference suppression and connection to the supply mains
  • - (4/29/2016) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-10: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of nerve and muscle stimulators
  • - (4/29/2016) - Amendment 1 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-19: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of infant incubators
  • - (4/29/2016) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-19: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of infant incubators
  • - (4/29/2016) - Amendment 1 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-20: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of infant transport incubators
  • - (4/29/2016) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-21: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of infant radiant warmers
  • - (4/29/2016) - Amendment 1 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-3: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of short-wave therapy equipment
  • - (4/29/2016) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-3: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of short-wave therapy equipment
  • - (4/29/2016) - Amendment 1 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-6: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of microwave therapy equipment
  • - (5/6/2016) - Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements
  • - (5/10/2016) - Amendment 2 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
  • - (5/10/2016) - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
  • - (5/10/2016) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 4-2: Guidance and interpretation - Electromagnetic immunity: performance of medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems

斗地主达人See for additional information.

USA - FCC Final Rules Established for New Citizens Broadband Radio Service

On April 28, 2016, the FCC reaffirmed its decision to create the innovative in the 3550-3700 MHz (3。5 GHz) band, and took additional steps to finalize the rules。 The FCC established the 3。5 GHz band as an innovation band, where it is breaking down age-old regulatory barriers to create a space for a wide variety of users to coexist by sharing spectrum。

As a result of technological innovations and a focus on spectrum sharing, the FCC was able to open up 100 MHz of spectrum previously unavailable for commercial uses, and added it to the existing commercial spectrum, resulting in a 150 MHz contiguous band。 These new rules finalize the framework for the Citizens Broadband Radio Service, providing an opportunity to leverage these new innovations in spectrum licensing and access schemes to meet the needs of a variety of users, simultaneously。

By finalizing the rules, the stage is set for the next steps, including certifying Spectrum Access System Administrators and Environmental Sensing Capability Operators, holding a future auction, and making service in this band a reality.

Mexico – Replacement NOM Regulations for Public Consultation

In May 2016, the Mexican Secretaria de Economia released two draft regulations for public discussion that will replace two current standards:

  1. NOM-EM-016-SCFI-2015 applies to all devices operating on 2400-2483.5 MHz, 5725-5850 MHz and 902-928 MHz, and will be replaced by the draft replacement standard PROY-NOM-208-SCFI-2016 at some point before the current expiration date of October 19, 2016.
  2. NOM-016-SCFI-1993 and NOM-019-SCFI-1998 establish the safety requirements for peripheral data-processing equipment or related equipment marketed within Mexico, and will be replaced by the draft replacement standard PROY-NOM-019-SCFI-2016 sometime in 2016.

Both draft replacement standards are at the public consultation stage, and implementation dates for the final regulations are unknown at this time。 Also unknown are the impact to cost, lead time and process for either regulation。

Ecuador - 57-64 GHz Band Available

Ecuador’s Regulator, Agencia de Regulación y Control de las Telecomunicaciones (ARCOTEL) released Resolución 03-02-ARCOTEL-2016, in which changes to the Ecuadorian National Frequency Allocation Plan have been published. In the updated National Frequency Allocation Plan, ARCOTEL allocated 57-64 GHz for WLAN 802.11ad devices. As such, Type Approval applications can now be filed for devices supporting this technology.

Pakistan - 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Spectrum Updates

During April 2016, Pakistan’s Telecommunication Authority (PTA) published a new notification S.R.O 287(I) 2016 for WiFi device usage. Changes to the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz ISM Bands are as follows:

  • The 2.4 GHz Band is now fully open; it was previously restricted to 2.4735-2.4835 GHz only. Maximum Permitted Output Power is 30 dBm EIRP.
  • The output power for the 5.725‑5.875 GHz band has been increased from 20 dBm EIRP to 30 dBm EIRP.

Additionally, PTA recently confirmed that all the standalone RFID and NFC have been exempted from type approval.

Saudi Arabia - Type Approval Certificates Extended

The Communications and Information Technology Commission (CITC) in Saudi Arabia has recently changed the validity period of type approval certificates from one year to two years。

Vietnam - New Regulation on Lithium Batteries and RF Product Usage

斗地主达人Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) recently released the National Technical Regulation QCVN 101:2016/TTBTTTT on lithium batteries。 These regulations are based on IEC 61960 (06-2011) and IEC 62133 (2012) standards and will come into force on October 1, 2016。

斗地主达人Upon implementation of this rule, all telecommunication products which are subject to mandatory Type Approval requirements and which contain lithium batteries will require additional local testing against QCVN 101:2016/TTBTTT. This requirement applies to both new and renewal Type Approval applications. This regulation does not apply to lithium batteries as standalone devices. Currently, there are no local laboratories in place to test for this new regulation and the implementation date is subject to change.

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