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MultiPoint Newsletter - March 2017

Radio Equipment Directive (RED) & EMC Directive

Question: The R&TTE Directive allows the application of the EMC Directive. Does the new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) allow this?

Answer: No, the RED does not allow application of the EMC Directive. All devices which contain a radio fall under the RED, whether a single radio, a combination of multiple radio products, or a combination of radio and non-radio products. When a radio product and a non-radio product (e.g. micro-controller circuitry) are integrated into a single product, it is necessary to assess conformity of both products functioning at the same time against the essential requirements of the RED. For example, the transmitter carrier of the radio equipment can generate harmonics that may generate intermodulation emission products with the micro-controller oscillator clocks, which may or may not meet the RED.


ISED Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Question: Why do we have to meet ISED’s Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS) Exposure Limits? Our product operates below 3 MHz, with very low carrier power.

Answer:斗地主达人 ISED has determined that there are health risks from exposure to electromagnetic fields from any radio device that emits energy in the 3 kHz to 10 MHz frequency range, including but not limited to, RFID exciters, readers and tags; electronic article surveillance (EAS) systems, metal detectors, vehicle security systems, tire pressure monitoring systems, and wireless chargers. It is known that exposure to sinusoidal or pulsed magnetic fields in any orientation at a certain current density can cause peripheral nerve and cardiac muscle stimulation.

Effective March 1, 2017, all devices operating within the 3 kHz to 10 MHz range are required to follow the technical requirements and processes described in SPR-002 Issue 1 Supplementary Procedure for Assessing Compliance with RSS-102 Nerve Stimulation Exposure Limits in order to demonstrate compliance with the nerve stimulation exposure requirements of RSS-102. SPR-002 targets typical radio devices that employ continuous wave (CW) or narrowband pulse waveforms, including but not limited to pulsed CW. Radio devices with complex broadband pulse waveforms, including but not limited to trapezoidal or triangular waveforms, are assessed using the maximum instantaneous value of the waveform as defined in Health Canada Safety Code 6.


FCC Testing for Bluetooth® Coffee Maker

Question: We manufacture a coffee maker with Bluetooth capability. Is it subject to FCC testing?

Answer: Yes, the Bluetooth circuitry in your coffee maker must be tested in accordance with FCC . The digital circuitry responsible for the essential functions of the coffee maker is exempt from FCC regulations per because it is considered a household appliance.


Installation Site Emissions Testing 30 MHz and Below

Question: We would like to perform emission measurements on our Part 15 device below 30 MHz at the installation site. Is this possible?

Answer: Yes, FCC allows measurement on equipment at the installation site if properly calibrated so that the measurement results correspond to those that would be obtained from an open field test site. Some equipment can really only be tested at the installation site, such as perimeter protection systems, carrier current systems, and systems employing a leaky coaxial cable as an antenna. However, please note that the FCC requires that measurements for the purpose of FCC verification, or for obtaining FCC equipment certification, must be performed at a minimum of three installations demonstrated to be representative of your product’s typical installation site.


Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - March 2017 - Electromagnetic characteristics of linear cable management systems (CMS)
  • - March 2017 - Space engineering - Radio frequency and modulation
  • - March 2017 - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 5: Emission and immunity of fixed power supply installations and apparatus
  • - March 2017 - Alarm systems - Intrusion systems - Part 5-3: Requirements for interconnections equipment using radio frequency techniques
  • - March 2017 - Electrical apparatus for the detection and measurement of combustible or toxic gases or vapours or of oxygen - Requirements on the functional safety of gas detection systems
  • - March 2017 - Marking of electrical and electronic equipment in accordance with Article 11(2) of Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE)
  • - March 2017 - Electrostatics - Part 4-7: Standard test methods for specific applications - Ionization
  • - March 2017 - Audio/video, information and communication technology equipment - Part 1: Safety requirements (IEC 62368-1:2014, modified)

See for additional information。

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

斗地主达人This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • - March 2017 - VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands with integrated handheld class H DSC; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Short Range Devices; Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Radar equipment operating in the 76 GHz to 77 GHz range; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 3: Railway/Road Crossings obstacle detection system applications
  • - March 2017 - VHF transmitters and receivers as Coast Stations for GMDSS and other applications in the maritime mobile service; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Short Range Devices; Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Radar equipment operating in the 76 GHz to 77 GHz range; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Obstacle Detection Radars for Use on Manned Rotorcraft
  • - March 2017 - Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands with integrated handheld class H DSC; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Amplifiers and active antennas for TV broadcast reception in domestic premises; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Wireless Access Systems (WAS); 5,8 GHz fixed broadband data transmitting systems; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Global System for Mobile communications (GSM); Base Station (BS) equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Global System for Mobile communications (GSM); Mobile Stations (MS) equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment to be used in the 1 GHz to 40 GHz frequency range; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
  • - March 2017 - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Impact of CENELEC EN 55035 on ETSI EMC Standards

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - 3/3/2017 - Explosive atmospheres - Part 13: Equipment protection by pressurized room "p" and artificially ventilated room "v"
  • - 3/28/2017 - Corrigendum 1 - Amendment 1 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-53: Particular requirements for sauna heating appliances and infrared cabins
  • - 3/17/2017 - Cable networks for television signals, sound signals and interactive services - Part 12: Electromagnetic compatibility of systems
  • - 3/9/2017 - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-39: Testing and measurement techniques - Radiated fields in close proximity - Immunity test
  • - 3/24/2017 - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 2-201: Particular requirements for control equipment
  • - 3/22/2017 - Radio-frequency connectors - Part 11: Sectional specification for RF coaxial connectors with inner diameter of outer conductor 9,5 mm with threaded coupling - characteristic impedance 50 ohms (Type 4,1-9,5)
  • - 3/7/2017 - Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary sealed cells and batteries for portable applications - Part 1: Nickel-Cadmium
  • - 3/28/2017 - Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products - Part 8: Phthalates in polymers by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using a pyrolyzer/thermal desorption accessory (Py-TD-GC-MS)
  • - 3/28/2017 - Electrical accessories - Harmonization of general rules
  • - 3/16/2017 - Explosive atmospheres - Part 32-1: Electrostatic hazards, guidance
  • - 3/8/2017 - Amendment 1 - Electroacoustics - Instruments for the measurement of sound intensity - Electromagnetic and electrostatic compatibility requirements and test procedures
  • - 3/8/2017 - Electroacoustics - Instruments for the measurement of sound intensity - Electromagnetic and electrostatic compatibility requirements and test procedures
  • - 3/22/2017 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-56: Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of clinical thermometers for body temperature measurement
  • - 3/14/2017 - Conformity assessment - Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems - Part 3: Competence requirements for auditing and certification of quality management systems

See for additional information.

EU – Updated List of RED Harmonized Standards

On March 10, 2017, the European Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union an updated, consolidated list of harmonized standards for the RED 2014/53/EU; this new publication contains some important additions to the list such as EN 300 220, EN 300 330 and EN 302 065 (UWB). The new standards added indicate “This is the first publication” in the third column of the list.

US – Free Seminar April 6, 2017 Columbia, MD – “Troubleshooting EMI” with Lee Hill, SILENT Solutions LLC

Hosted by Rohde & Schwarz, this highly focused one-day seminar will help you learn how to uncover, characterize, and solve the most elusive EMI problems. Troubleshooting and localizing intermittent signals, or multiple layers of broadband and narrowband signals, can be frustrating even for the most seasoned EMC troubleshooter and RF engineer. The seminar, intended for engineers and technicians involved in the development, troubleshooting, pre-compliance testing and certification of electronic products, systems and assemblies for EMC, will include discussion and demonstration of a number of test setups that can help identify the root causes of EMC test failures, and then demonstrate how real-time analysis can literally make previously-hidden signals leap into plain view. You can sign up for this free event at:

Cote d’Ivoire – New Requirements for Type Approval

We recently learned that Cote d’Ivoire’s Authority, ARTCI, is implementing new requirements for Type Approvals。 ARTCI has noted that in the past, questionable test reports have been submitted with Type Approval applications, and as a corrective action moving forward, only test reports issued by ISO/IEC-accredited laboratories will be accepted。 It should also be noted that radio equipment is subject to compulsory type approval, and anyone failing to meet this requirement is subject to the following:

  • Confiscation of the equipment
  • Prohibition to exercise any activity relating to the telecommunications/ICT sector for a 5-year period
  • Imprisonment from one to five years, and payment of a fine from two to ten million CFA francs, or only one of these penalties

Argentina – New 57 – 64 GHz Outdoor Use Rules

On March 10, 2017, Argentina’s Regulator, Ente Nacional de Comunicaciones (ENACOM0) published Resolution 1336-E/2017 advising that the 57 – 64 GHz frequency range is now allocated for the use of multi-gigabit wireless systems (MGW) in Argentina. WLAN and WPAN devices can also now operate on said frequency range, but operation is restricted to indoor locations. The technical requirements for equipment and systems operating within the 57 - 64 GHz band are:

  1. Average Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP) shall not exceed 40 dBm.
  2. Peak Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP) shall not exceed the value of 43 dBm.
  3. Average Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP) Spectrum spectral density shall not exceed 13 dBm/MHz.
  4. The Peak Conducted Power shall not exceed 500 mW.
  5. Antenna gain and output power shall be adjusted in such a way that the limits established in items (1), (2), (3) and (4) are not exceeded.
  6. Emissions on the operation inside buildings will be restricted.

Devices using this band require ENACOM Type Approval, but local testing is not required; test reports (FCC or EU standards, issued by accredited laboratories) may be leveraged。

Indonesia - EMI Testing Now Requires In-Country Testing for Conducted Emissions

Indonesia’s Authority, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya dan Perangkat Pos dan Informatika (SDPPI), has formally announced that all AC-powered products must now be tested “in-country” for conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI) testing per CISPR standards. Approval fees will increase as a result of the extra tests that will be performed, but exact costs have not yet been determined.

Moldova – Changes to Conformity Assessment Procedure

斗地主达人Beginning October 26, 2017, it will be possible for radio and telecommunications terminal equipment manufacturers to apply either the Moldovan conformity mark or the CE conformity mark to their products。 Please note this will depend on the conformity assessment approach taken with details below:

  1. Products imported into Moldova from EU member countries can be placed on the market without having to obtain national Type Approval or apply the Moldovan conformity mark. In order to qualify for this, manufacturers must obtain a conformity certificate or test reports issued by an accredited Notified Body that has an EA Multilateral Agreement (EA MLA) in place. Certificates or test reports should be translated into Moldovan language and signed by the importer. In this case, CE Marking will be sufficient.
  2. Products which do not meet the above criteria will still require Moldovian Type Approval and the Moldovan conformity mark should be applied.

Moldovan conformity mark:

Trinidad & Tobago – No Longer will Accept Modular Approval

We were recently informed that the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT) is no longer approving Type Approval applications for RF chips, RF sub-modules, or modules that form part of a wireless system。 Currently, TATT is only processing applications for host equipment。

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