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MultiPoint Newsletter - March 2015

FCC Part 15 Conducted Emissions Testing for Intentional Transmitters

Question: We are performing pre-compliance conducted emissions testing in preparation for final testing in an accredited laboratory. Would it be acceptable to attach an RF dummy load to the output port of our transmitter?

Answer: The answer depends on the frequency at which your device operates.

If your transmitter operates above 30 MHz, and it has a permanent or detachable antenna, measurements must be performed with the antenna connected as specified in clause 6.2 of ANSI C63.10-2013.

On the other hand, if your device operates below 30 MHz, and has a permanent or detachable antenna, the FCC will accept your measurement results as long as testing is performed as described below with a suitable dummy load in place of the actual antenna.

A suitable dummy load is a radio frequency termination used in place of the antenna, which has the same electrical properties as the intended antenna but without radiated emissions。 Your device must supply identical signals to the dummy load as it would to an antenna。

  • With a detachable antenna, remove it and connect a suitable dummy load to the antenna connector.
  • With a permanent antenna, remove it and terminate the RF output of the transmitter with a dummy load or network which simulates the antenna in the fundamental frequency band.
  • Perform the AC line conducted emissions tests with the antenna connected to determine compliance with the limits outside your transmitter's fundamental emission band.
  • Retest with a dummy load to determine compliance with 47CFR§15.207 limits within the transmitter's fundamental emission band.
  • All measurements must be performed as specified in clause 6.2 of ANSI C63.10-2013 and .
  • Results obtained using a suitable dummy load shall be so noted in the test report.

KDB 594280 D01 Guidance for Open Development Environment

Question: We manufacture radio products which have the option of installing an Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) band wireless radio with a Single-Module Transmitter Approval. The products employ an open development environment that allows customers to create custom applications on the devices. We would like to market our products in the U.S. and Canada, as well as Europe. In order to comply with the guidance in FCC KDB 594280 D01, we intend to release software code to control this radio in binary form only. We also intend to publish language in the user manual and on the development web sites that clearly states “Users are prohibited from making any changes that would affect the operation of the Radio performance.” Are these steps sufficient to comply with the FCC KDB 594280 D01 guidelines?

Answer: Because your question references we assume that the modularly approved radios that may optionally be installed in your end products are not Software Defined Radios (SDR) as defined by .

The FCC generally prohibits any user configuration of radio parameters (for example, see ).

Under certain specific circumstances, the FCC may permit authorized persons, such as professional installers, to modify certain parameters; specific examples are outlined in FCC KDB 594280 D01。

The software code you intend to release to control the radio must not permit third-party/end users to modify any radio parameters (maximum output power, frequency range, modulation type, or “circumstance under which the transmitter has been approved”) that will violate grant conditions and enable the radio to operate in a non-compliant manner, violating the parameters of the grant of authorization.

Additionally, to prevent changes to software that could place the radio in a mode that would violate the parameters of the grant of authorization, it is not sufficient to rely solely on instructions to the user in the user manual.

Similar guidelines would apply to devices that have Industry Canada certification or European Declaration of Conformity per the R&TTE Directive or Radio Equipment Directive.


Block C Emission Measurements, Upper 700 MHz, FCC Part 27

Question:斗地主达人 We are performing measurements on our device that must comply with . 47CFR§27.53(c)(3) states that emissions on all frequencies between 763-775 MHz and 793-805 MHz shall be attenuated below the transmitter power by a factor of not less than 76+10 Log (P) dB in a 6.25 kHz segment (for base and fixed stations).

We interpret this to mean that all emissions shall be measured in 6。25 kHz bandwidth segment and compared to the total transmitted power in a licensee's frequency band。 If a licensee occupies a 5 MHz band and transmits a wide-band signal with equal power across the band, then relative to a 6。25 kHz segment in-band (on a per Hz basis), the emissions must be attenuated by 76+10 Log(P) - 10 log(5,000,000/6250) = 76+10 log(P) dB – 29。03 = 47+10 log(P) dB。 Is this correct?

Answer: It is indeed correct. The P for power as used in the attenuation formula 76 + 10 Log(P) is the total power of the transmitter. The net effect of the above-cited formula is that the levels (in dB) of the undesired emissions relative to the levels of the desired emissions are less than the dB value that results from the formula.

On a spectrum analyzer, the levels of the desired emissions for a modulated signal with uniform spectral distribution appear in proportion to the ratio of the occupied bandwidth of the modulated spectrum to the spectrum analyzer resolution bandwidth (RBW) used. Several factors will affect the reading, including the measurement resolution bandwidth (RBW) used, the actual shape of the modulated signal, and the modulation method used.


FCC Grants and Grantee Code Database Updates

Question: Our company has recently moved to a new location, and we know from reading the October 2014 MultiPoint Newsletter that we need to submit an update to the FCC Grantee Code database, and the FCC FRN database, but how do we obtain updated FCC grants that reflect our new company address?

Answer: When you submit the address change via the grantee code database update procedure that was detailed in the October 2014 MultiPoint Newsletter, and it is processed by the FCC, the address on all FCC grants under the affected grantee code will automatically be updated to reflect the new address.

You can view, save and/or print grants .

To see a list of all of the certification applications (original and Class II) under the grantee code, just enter the grantee code and click on Start Search at the bottom of the page。 If there are more than 10 applications under the grantee code, you may want to go to Formatting Options at the bottom of this page and increase the number for Records at a Time (HTML output only)。

To see a specific application, you can enter the grantee code and the product code and click on Start Search at the bottom of the page。

When the results of your search are displayed, you will see the Display Grant column, from which you can select the grant for viewing, saving, or printing.


Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - (2/20/2015) - Lithium ion capacitors for use in electric and electronic equipment - Test methods for electrical characteristics
  • - (2/24/2015) - Audio/video, information and communication technology equipment - Part 1: Safety requirements (IEC 62368-1:2014, modified)
  • - (2/27/2015) - Automatic electrical controls - Part 2-5: Particular requirements for automatic electrical burner control systems
  • - (2/27/2015) - Alarm and electronic security systems - Part 11-1: Electronic access control systems - System and components requirements
  • - (2/27/2015) - Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Automatic identification system (AIS) - Part 1: AIS Base Stations - Minimum operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
  • - (3/5/2015) - Luminaires - Part 2-22: Particular requirements - Luminaires for emergency lighting
  • - (3/6/2015) - Measurement procedures of magnetic field levels generated by electronic and electrical apparatus in the railway environment with respect to human exposure
  • - (3/6/2015) - Explosive atmospheres - Part 10-2: Classification of areas - Explosive dust atmospheres
  • - (3/20/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-081: Particular requirements for automatic and semi-automatic laboratory equipment for analysis and other purposes
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 1: General
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 2: Emission of the whole railway system to the outside world
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 3-1: Rolling stock - Train and complete vehicle
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 3-2: Rolling stock - Apparatus
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 4: Emission and immunity of the signalling and telecommunications apparatus
  • - (3/27/2015) - Railway applications - Electromagnetic compatibility - Part 5: Emission and immunity of fixed power supply installations and apparatus

See for additional information。

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • - (February 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Radio Frequency Identification Equipment operating in the band 865 MHz to 868 MHz with power levels up to 2 W and in the band 915 MHz to 921 MHz with power levels up to 4 W; Part 1: Technical requirements and methods of measurement
  • - (February 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Radio Frequency Identification Equipment operating in the band 865 MHz to 868 MHz with power levels up to 2 W and in the band 915 MHz to 921 MHz with power levels up to 4 W; Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  • - (March 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment in the frequency range 9 kHz to 25 MHz and inductive loop systems in the frequency range 9 kHz to 30 MHz; Part 1: Technical characteristics and test methods
  • - (March 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment in the frequency range 9 kHz to 25 MHz and inductive loop systems in the frequency range 9 kHz to 30 MHz; Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  • - (March 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Methods, parameters and test procedures for cognitive interference mitigation techniques for use by PMSE devices (Programme Making and Special Events)
  • - (March 2015) - Global System for Mobile communications (GSM); Harmonized EN for Base Station Equipment covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  • - (March 2015) - IMT cellular networks; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive; Part 1: Introduction and common requirements
  • - (March 2015) - Broadband Radio Access Networks (BRAN); 5 GHz high performance RLAN; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  • - (March 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); A guide to the production of Harmonized Standards for application under the Radio & Telecommunication Terminal Equipment Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE) and a first guide on the impact of the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED) on Harmonized Standards

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

斗地主达人This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (2/24/2015) - Resistance welding equipment - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
  • - (2/24/2015) - Corrigendum 1 - Audio/video, information and communication technology equipment - Part 1: Safety requirements
  • - (2/24/2015) - Quantification methodology for greenhouse gas emissions for computers and monitor
  • - (2/25/2015) - Amendment 5 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - Chapter 161: Electromagnetic compatibility
  • - (2/25/2015) - Explosive atmospheres - Part 32-2: Electrostatics hazards - Tests
  • - (3/6/2015) - Amendment 1 - Medical electrical equipment -- Part 2-13: Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of an anaesthetic workstation
  • - (3/10/2015) - Safety in installations for electroheating and electromagnetic processing - Part 1: General requirements
  • - (3/10/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-051: Particular requirements for laboratory equipment for mixing and stirring
  • - (3/10/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-061: Particular requirements for laboratory atomic spectrometers with thermal atomization and ionization
  • - (3/10/2015) - Assessment of lighting equipment related to human exposure to electromagnetic fields
  • - (3/16/2015) - Explosive atmospheres - Part 29-2: Gas detectors - Selection, installation, use and maintenance of detectors for flammable gases and oxygen
  • - (3/17/2015) - Information technology -- Evaluation methodology for environmental influence in biometric system performance
  • - (3/23/2015) - Clothes washing machines for household use - Method for measuring the microbial contamination reduction

See for additional information.

Canada – Release of RSS-111, Issue 1, Level Probing Radar Equipment

On March 6, 2015, Industry Canada posted on its website the release of , which sets out the minimum requirements for the certification of open-air and enclosed container Level Probing Radar (LPR) equipment operating within the bands 5.65-8.50 GHz, 8.50-10.55 GHz, 24.05-29.00 GHz and 75-85 GHz. RSS-211 will apply to the certification of new LPR equipment. This is a new standard derived from Annex 11 of RSS-210, Issue 8, License-exempt Radio Apparatus (All Frequency Bands): Category I Equipment.

Canada - New Release of RSS-213 License Exempt LE-PCS

On March 26, 2015, Industry Canada published and adopted Radio Standards . Issue 3 replaces Issue 2 of RSS-213, 2 GHz Licence-exempt Personal Communications Service Devices (PCS), dated December 2005. Listed below are the changes:

  • The title of the document has been changed from 2 GHz Licence-exempt Personal Communications Services Devices (LE-PCS) to 2 GHz Licence-Exempt Personal Communications Services (LE-PCS) Devices.
  • The number of duplex system access channels has been reduced from 40 to 20.
  • The latest version of the ANSI C63.17-2013 standard is referenced as normative.

Canada - Release of RSS-102, Issue 5: RF Exposure Compliance

On March 19, 2015, Industry Canada published Radio Standards Specification , which sets out the requirements and measurement techniques used to evaluate radio frequency (RF) exposure compliance of radiocommunication apparatus designed to be used within the vicinity of the human body. RSS 102, Issue 5 is immediately in force for the purposes of certifying new equipment. All devices currently certified that are manufactured, imported or sold in Canada must be in compliance with the revised standard 180 days after its publication on the Industry Canada website — no matter when they were originally certified. Some requirements will not be in force immediately as outlined in . Noteworthy changes are as follows:

  • Section 1:  Clarification has been made related to the scope of the standard.
  • Section 1.1:  The definitions of limb-worn devices and separation distance have been added, and the definition of RF exposure evaluation and controlled use has been revised.
  • Section 2.2:  Clarification related to the RF exposure technical brief has been made.
  • Section 2.5.1:  Exemption limits for routine evaluation - SAR evaluation have been revised.
  • Section 2.5.2:  Exemption limits for routine evaluation - RF exposure evaluation have been added.
  • Section 2.6:  Clarification has been made related to the user manual.
  • Section 3:  Clarification has been made on test reduction and fast SAR methods, and on the priority list of documents.
  • Section 3.1:  Clarification has been made on the following items:  devices with push-to-talk capability; on the test distance for certain types of devices; for devices with a very low transmission duty factor; and on the test channel to first be tested in a SAR evaluation.
  • Section 3.1.1:  The SAR measurement method for body-worn devices has been revised.
  • Section 3.1.2:  The SAR Measurement of Devices Containing Multiple Transmitters has been revised.
  • Section 3.1.3:  Clarification has been made on the SAR measurement for specific technology and other types of devices.
  • Section 4:  The Safety Code 6 limits have been revised and clarification has been made on the averaging time for SAR evaluation.
  • Annex A:  Clarification has been made related to the standard(s) and/or procedure(s) used for the evaluation, and an addition of the Industry Canada (IC) Certification Number and the name of the SAR/RF exposure testing laboratory has been entered.
  • Annex B:  A revision has been made to add the model number and the IC Certification Number.
  • Annex C:  A revision has been made to add the model number and the IC Certification Number; clarification has been made related to the submission.
  • Annex E:  Clarification has been made related to operating tolerance and the local SAR measurement; additional reporting requirements for test reduction and fast SAR methods were added.

India – BIS Issues FAQ (Revision 9) for Electronics and Information Technology Goods

On March 25th, 2015 India's BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) issued their latest FAQ (Revision 9) to the Electronics and Information Technology Goods (Requirements for Compulsory Registration) Order, 2012. Noteworthy changes include:

  1. Mobile computing devices like Batch or GSM and Wi-Fi-based mobile computers are covered under the registration.
  2. HF RFID and UHF RFID-based devices like fixed mount or mobile computers are covered under the registration.
  3. Wireless access points, controllers, and switches are not covered under the registration.
  4. Automatic Data Processing (ADP) Machines cover:
    • Data Preparation Equipment
    • Data Processing Equipment
    • Data Storage Equipment
    • Personal Computer*
    • Plotter
    • Printer
    • Scanner
    • VDU
  5. Rechargeable batteries, single cells (other than button-like Lithium ion batteries), Nickel-Cadmium and Nickel-Metal Hydride cells are covered under the registration scheme together with AC power adapters. Products which use such batteries and power adapters can already be registered by BIS whereby the battery and/or power adapter was previously accepted via its IEC conformity certificate. However, grandfathering of the battery and/or power adapter will not be allowed under the BIS scheme. These components will need to have their own BIS registrations to be imported into India (even when imported with host devices already BIS registered).

* Personal Computers (desktops) are specially exempted from the coverage under the registration. Wireless devices like Wi-Fi modems, BT headset, BT speaker, BT mouse, USB data card and USB LAN card are not covered under the registration. All-in-one computers, workstations, thin-clients, mini PCs are covered under the registration.

Ecuador – Regulatory Authority Name Change

The Ecuadorian Regulatory Authority, SUPERTEL (Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones), has now been replaced by ARCOTEL (Agencia de Regulación y Control de las Telecomunicaciones). We anticipate no impact on the Type Approval Process. Products which have already obtained Type Approval in Ecuador under the SUPERTEL approval scheme are not affected and remain valid. There are still no specific labelling requirements for Ecuador, and applications currently under review at the Authority are expected to be delayed by approximately 1-2 weeks during this transition period.

Ecuador – New Safety Requirements

INEN, Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalización, recently released an update to INEN 202 Norm (Resolution No.14 460), advising that mains‐powered (rated voltage not exceeding 600 V) scanners, printers, photocopiers and fax machines which are imported into Ecuador under the following HS codes are subject to safety compliance certification:

  • 84.43
  • 8443.32.19
  • 8443.32.20
  • 8443.32.90
  • 8443.39.10
  • 8443.39.90
  • 8443.12.00
  • 8443.12.90
  • 8443.31.00
  • 84.71
  • 8471.60.90
  • 84.72
  • 8472.10.00

INEN has not provided additional detail regarding exactly what products they consider to be "mains powered"。 Our local agent has confirmed the process for demonstrating conformity is a pre‐import check to be carried out by the importer themselves and not a Type Approval requirement。

Argentina - Type Approval Label Requirements

On February 4, 2015, Argentine Communications Authority, Nacional de Comunicaciones (CNC), released Resolution N 82/2015 containing labeling requirements for certified products. The document specified label format, size, colors of CNC logo, and information on how the CNC Homologation number should be displayed. The requirement is mandatory for all equipment certified after May 4th, 2015 and for equipment with Type Approval renewals.

Nambia - New Type Approval Requirements

Nambia's Type Approval Authority has implemented new mandatory Type Approval requirements which go into effect on August 3, 2015。 These new requirements apply to all radio telecommunication equipment for importation and sale, without exemption。 The Authority will accept R&TTE test reports, and samples are not required (but may be requested during application review)。 There is no requirement for a local signatory; foreign manufacturers are able to obtain Type Approval certificates issued in their name and the certificate is valid for three years。 Equipment currently on the market in Nambia must go through this process prior to the August 3, 2015 deadline or may be confiscated by the Nambia Authority。

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