Latest Blog Posts

See More Posts

MultiPoint Newsletter - February 2015

Point of Sale (POS) Vending Machines

Question:斗地主达人 We produce POS vending machines. Do they require FCC equipment authorization?

Answer:斗地主达人 Vending machines employing digital circuitry require equipment authorization. The manufacturer of the components used in your system may produce these parts as subassemblies without testing, however, as the final assembler of the vending machines, it is your company’s responsibility to comply with the FCC rules, including testing and obtaining authorization for the assembled system.

If your vending machines are installed in a residential environment, such as an apartment building, they are considered to be Class B digital devices, and subject to those standards, with applicable labeling, as described in , , , and .

斗地主达人When testing to show compliance with the emission standards, motor emissions may be disregarded, and if the fluorescent lighting in your vending machine is not driven with an RF source (above 9 kHz), their emissions may also be ignored。 However, if the fluorescent lights are driven with an RF source (above 9 kHz), they are classified as RF lighting and are therefore subject to the standards in 。


Transmitter Transient Frequency Behavior

Question: We are sourcing FCC Part 90 radios and need clarification on a couple issues. What is transient frequency behavior, and could you provide more details on 47CFR§90.214 regarding transmitter transient frequency behaviors?

Answer:斗地主达人 Any time a transmitter is switched on, and during typical transmitter use, power and frequency transients occur. These transients can potentially cause interference with other transmitting and receiving devices operating in adjacent frequency bands.

Most Part 90 transmitters have power and frequency transients when employed in communication systems like TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) with numerous transmission bursts, Spread Spectrum with quick and frequent changes in transmitted power to minimize battery consumption, and FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access) where transmitters regularly switch from one frequency channel to another。

47CFR§90 Subpart I contains the general technical standards for a transmitter operating in the Private Land Mobile Radio Services; lists the requirements for transient frequency behavior. All units that operate in the frequency bands 150-174 MHz and 421-512 MHz must be tested and reported, but the time interval (T1 and T3) limits do not apply to units with 6 W or less output power.


Special Temporary Authorization for Outdoor RF Immunity Testing

Question: How might we obtain approval from the FCC to perform outdoor radio frequency (RF) immunity testing on our product?

Answer: RF immunity testing must be conducted in a way that restricts the RF immunity energy to the immediate area where a device is being tested to prevent interference to radio communications, as would be the case in a shielded room or anechoic chamber. Failure to do so is a violation of Section 301 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended.

In special cases, where it is impractical to test in a shielded area because of the size of the equipment, per 47CFR§5.61 the FCC will consider an application for a Special Temporary Authorization (STA) to conduct RF immunity testing in an outdoor test area. An STA is granted for a period of time not to exceed six months, and for limited RF immunity power, frequencies and times of operation. Click for the procedure to submit a request for an STA.


Part 80 Marine VHF

Question: Can you explain Part 80 Marine VHF (156-162 MHz band) ship radio frequency allocations with respect to domestic and international regulations?

Answer: A marine VHF radio certified under Part 80 must comply with the following:

Transmitting frequencies must be limited to those described in the table in 47CFR§80.871(d), i.e., using the ship station frequencies in the simplex and semi-duplex modes as applicable. Channel numbers provided by the unit and the manual must be consistent with this table.

To the extent that the unit and manual provide a domestic mode (e。g。, US, USA, domestic use), the frequencies in the domestic mode may consist only of those listed in 47CFR§80。371(c) and 80。373(f), with the following exception:

  • the domestic mode may contain marine VHF channel numbers 3, 21, 23, 61, 64, 81, 82, or 83, as long as either the unit or the manual make clear that these frequencies require special authorization under a private land mobile license, or from the Coast Guard, and are not for use by the general public in US waters.

The domestic mode may not contain marine VHF channel numbers 2, 4, 60, and 62, which are slightly offset from private land mobile frequencies; there are no means to legally use these as carrier frequencies in US waters。

Note that the rules do not require specific warning labels nor place additional burdens on manufacturers that meet these requirements.

To the extent that the unit and manual provide an international mode (i.e., international, ITU, Appendix 18, foreign) or a mode specific to a particular country (e.g., Canada, Japan, UK), the unit and manual need only comply with the frequency allocations in the table 47CFR§80.871(d).

Note: Appendix 18 is the table of transmitting frequencies in the VHF maritime mobile band of the World Radio Communication (WRC) Radio Regulations Rules of Procedure。

The following are additional requirements for Digital Selective Calling (DSC): as of March 25, 2011, 47CFR§80.225(a)(4) prohibits the manufacture, importation, sale and installation of fixed mounted (non-portable) digital selective calling (DSC) equipped marine radios that do not meet the following standards:

  1. International Telecommunications Union (ITU-R) Recommendation M.493-13
  2. Class D VHF DSC equipment only, International (IEC) International Standard 62238.

Channel Switching now requires 2 receivers for DSC. See the .

In order to comply with the requirements, all equipment authorization applications for devices subject to this requirement must include the following information in the filings:

  1. Letter Exhibit stating the standards used to determine compliance
  2. Full ITU 439-13/IEC 62238 test report(s)

 


Standards Updates

EU: New CENELEC Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published or made available during the past month:

  • - 1/23/2015 - Safety of household and similar appliances - Part 2-107: Particular requirements for robotic battery powered electrical lawnmowers
  • - 1/23/2015 -  Explosive atmospheres - Part 26: Equipment with Equipment Protection Level (EPL) Ga
  •  - 1/23/2015 - Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests
  •  - 1/30/2015 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-54: Particular requirements for surface-cleaning appliances for household use employing liquids or steam
  •  - 1/30/2015 - Electrical safety in low voltage distribution systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and 1 500 V d.c. - Equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures - Part 16: Equipment for testing the effectiveness of the protective measures of electrical equipment and/or medical electrical equipment
  • - 2/6/2015 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-5: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Antenna calibration sites and reference test sites for 5 MHz to 18 GHz
  • - 2/6/2015 - Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 1-6: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - EMC antenna calibration
  •  - 2/13/2015 - Electrical safety in low voltage distribution systems up to 1 000 V a.c. and 1 500 V d.c. - Equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures - Part 8: Insulation monitoring devices for IT systems
  • - 2/13/2015 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-11: Particular requirements for tumble dryers
  •  - 2/20/2015 - Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation and control important to safety - Hardware design requirements for computer-based systems

See for additional information。

EU: New ETSI Standards Recently Released

This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  •  - (February 2015) - LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) and repeater ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 36.113 version 11.3.0 Release 11)
  • - (February 2015) - LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) and repeater ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 36.113 version 12.3.0 Release 12)
  •  - (February 2015) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.113 version 11.3.0 Release 11)
  • - (February 2015) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.113 version 12.3.0 Release 12)
  • - (February 2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Wideband transmission systems; Data transmission equipment operating in the 2,4 GHz ISM band and using wide band modulation techniques; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
  •  - (February 2015) - LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) and repeater ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 36.113 version 11.3.0 Release 11)
  •  - (February 2015) - LTE; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) and repeater ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 36.113 version 12.3.0 Release 12)
  •  - (February 2015) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.113 version 11.3.0 Release 11)
  •  - (February 2015) - Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (3GPP TS 37.113 version 12.3.0 Release 12)

See for additional information.

EU: New IEC Standards Recently Released

斗地主达人This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • - (1/20/2015) - Medical electrical equipment - ALL PARTS
  • - (1/20/2015) - Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-11: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance - Collateral Standard: Requirements for medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems used in the home healthcare environment
  • - (1/20/2015) - Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 4: Valve-regulated lead-acid batteries for use in portable appliances
  • - (1/23/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-081: Particular requirements for automatic and semi-automatic laboratory equipment for analysis and other purposes
  • - (1/28/2015) - Sound and television broadcast receivers and associated equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement
  • - (1/28/2015) - Amendment 1 - Sound and television broadcast receivers and associated equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement
  • - (1/28/2015) - Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-101: Particular requirements for in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical equipment
  • - (1/28/2015) - Conformity assessment -- Example of a certification scheme for tangible products
  • - (2/17/2015) - Corrigendum 2 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-35: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of healing devices using blankets, pads or mattresses and intended for heating in medical use
  • - (2/18/2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus - Part 2: Immunity - Product family standard
  • - (2/20/2015) - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-30: Testing and measurement techniques - Power quality measurement methods

See for additional information.

FCC - Proposed Rulemaking for 76-81 GHz Radars

On February 5, 2015, the FCC released a 。 The FCC seeks to adopt service rules that will allow for the deployment of the various radar applications in this band, both within and outside the U。S。

斗地主达人In the Notice, the FCC proposed rules that will accommodate the commercial development and use of various radar technologies in the 76-81 GHz band under Part 95 of the FCC Rules。 The proposal includes allocation changes to the bands as well as provisions to ensure that new and incumbent operations can share the available frequencies in the band。 Specifically, the FCC is seeking comment on the following 76-81 GHz band matters:

  • Expanding radar operations in the 76-81 GHz band;
  • Modifying the Table of Frequency Allocations to provide an allocation for the radiolocation service in the 77.5-78 GHz band;
  • Authorizing the expanded radar operations on a licensed basis under Part 95;
  • Shifting vehicular and other users away from the existing Part 15 unlicensed operating model;
  • Evaluating the compatibility of incumbent operations, including that of amateur radio, with radar applications in the 77-81 GHz band.

 

FCC - Summary of Key Changes in R&O 14-208

As we reported in the January 2015 MultiPoint, the FCC adopted Report and Order (FCC 14-208) on December 17, 2014 as part of an ongoing review and update of their radiofrequency (RF) equipment authorization program. The OET Laboratory is in the process of implementing the Order; several KDB Publications will be updated as a result of the changes. The FCC recently published .

FCC - April 2015 TCBC Basic Training and Workshop

The Telecommunications Certification Body Council (TCBC) will host its April 2015 Basic Training and Workshop from April 13-16, 2015 at the Holiday Inn - Inner Harbor in Baltimore, Maryland。 April 13, 2015 will offer Basic Training, geared towards an entry level foundation for TCB & Certification processes, and April 14-16, 2015 will be the regular 3-day Workshop。 More information can be found at 。

EU - Amendment to RoHS Directive (65/2011/EU)

The European Commission will be adding four additional substances, phthalate substances, to the EU RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU) substance restrictions. Phthalates are primarily used as plasticizers in plastics, particularly in PVC plastic, which is commonly used for wires and cables but can also be found on some electronic components or other plastic parts. The restrictions take effect July 22, 2019, and most products, including medical devices, will need to comply by July 22, 2021.

EU - R&TTE CA Published Guidance on SAR

During December 2014, the R&TTE Compliance Association issued with the following:

  • Guidance to manufacturers as to how their device could be assessed for SAR;
  • Guidance to test labs on testing devices which require a SAR assessment;
  • Guidance to Notified Body assessors on how the SAR standards may be applied to sufficiently meet the requirements of Article 3.1(a) of Directive 1999/5/EC and encourage a consistent level of assessment and requirements between Notified Bodies.

Specifically, TGN 20 addresses the following topics:

  • Test configuration and set-up
  • Channels for testing
  • Modulation for testing
  • Modes of operation for testing
  • Output power for testing
  • Test distance
  • Bystander SAR
  • Multiple transmitters

Canada – E-Filing Shutdown Delayed

Canada’s Certification and Engineering Bureau (CEB) had to delay the shutdown of the current E-filing system and the launch date for the new system, SPECTRAWeb. The shutdown is now scheduled to begin at close of business on March 3, 2015; the launch date for the new system is now March 16, 2015. During this time, the CEB will be unable to receive certification/registration applications, and other online services such as the Radio Equipment List (REL), Test Site Registration, and Company Number Request will be unavailable. The official announcement can be found .

Canada - Release of Documents Related to WSDs and WSDBs

斗地主达人On February 5, 2014, Industry Canada posted on its website the release of the following documents related to TV white space devices (WSDs) and white space databases (WSDBs):

  • , which sets out the requirements for the technical compliance of license exempt, Category I radio apparatus operating in the frequency bands 54-60 MHz, 76-88 MHz, 174-216 MHz, 470-608 MHz and 614-698 MHz, known as white space devices (WSDs).
  • , which sets out the minimum technical requirements for the designation of a database capable of indicating available channels for use by WSDs in the white space frequency bands 54-60 MHz, 76-88 MHz, 174-216 MHz, 470-608 MHz and 614-698 MHz.
  • , which outlines the procedures for white space database administrator designation.

The following new and revised documents have been developed and updated respectively, to reflect recent equipment certification requirements and licensing authorization changes regarding low-power radio apparatus (LPA), including wireless microphones and wireless cameras in the TV bands:

  • , sets out the technical requirements for the technical compliance of licensed Category I radio apparatus operating in the frequency bands 26.10-26.48 MHz, 88-107.5 MHz, 150-174 MHz, 450-451 MHz and 455-456 MHz.
  • , sets out the technical requirements for the technical compliance of license-exempt, Category I radio apparatus operating in the frequency bands 54-72 MHz, 76-88 MHz, 174-216 MHz, 470-608 MHz and 614-698 MHz.
  • , describes the procedures and processes to be followed by the public when dealing with Industry Canada. The revised CPC 2 1 11 applies to licensed low-power apparatus operating in the frequency bands 26.10-26.48 MHz, 88-107.5 MHz, 150-174 MHz, 450-451 MHz and 455-456 MHz. As this document introduces changes to existing processes, CPC 2 1 11 will be provisional for six months, to allow Industry Canada to gather feedback from applicants on any necessary clarifications or improvements to the document.
  • , describes the procedures and processes to be followed by the public when dealing with Industry Canada. All TV band low power wireless microphone operators should note that this new CPC 2 1 28 applies to all TV band wireless microphones operating in the frequency bands 54-60 MHz, 76-88 MHz, 174-216 MHz, 470-608 MHz and 614-698 MHz. CPC 2 1 28 also sets out the operational requirements for TV band LPA (i.e. wireless microphones and cameras), including licence conditions for voluntarily licensed LPA, licensing of TV band LPA, and licensing and registration of roaming electronic news gathering (ENG) LPA systems.

 

Japan - MRA International Workshop March 2015

Japan's Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) is organizing the International Workshop on Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRA) for telecommunications equipment March 4-5, 2015 in Tokyo, Japan。 This workshop is designed to promote efficient utilization of the MRA and to nurture the development of internationally respected conformity assessment bodies (CABs)。 The workshop program includes presentations and information exchange on updated certification systems and technical regulations for telecommunications equipment。 Registration forms were required no later than 2/25/2015。

Taiwan – NCC Revises Regulations

斗地主达人On December 29, 2014, Taiwan's National Communications Commission (NCC) released . Article 10 in the TTE regulation and Article 8 in the RF regulations were both amended with slight modifications to the application requirements.

India – BIS Extends Validity Period for Grant of Registration

India's BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) recently announced its decision, effective immediately, to extend to two years the validity period for grants of registration under its Compulsory Registration Scheme. Also, the notified validity period of one year for registrations granted earlier has now been amended to two years.

Subscribe to Rhein Tech's Regulatory Update eNewsletter by emailing request to

Call us today! 703.689.0368
AG体育 泛亚竞猜 极品斗地主 皇冠足彩APP 斗地主达人