Let Rhein Tech Help You With Your Next Project, Request A Quote Today! 斗地主达人Get Started

Latest Blog Posts

See More Posts

MultiPoint Newsletter - April 2011 Issue

Dear Colleague,

We have provided typical questions and answers that represent in most cases technical opinions with justification in FCC and CE requirements. The particulars of the product for certification must be considered with respect to the applicability of these questions and answers. We hope you find our update valuable and welcome your feedback if you have any special needs or questions. Call us at 703.689.0368 for your testing requirements. You can view archived issues of MultiPoint at our website.

Today we are pleased to announce the launch of our newly revised website, a web portal devoted to relevant RF & EMC testing and engineering information with regulatory news, updates, and an industry blog.  Our goal is to provide our visitors with the best technical information and useful content, while continually adding more updates with the latest happenings in the regulatory and compliance industry.  We invite you to visit our website today!


FCC and IC Policy for Modular Transmitters

Question: We have a modular transmitting device with a PCB trace antenna that we would like to certify to Industry Canada (IC) standards. However, IC RSS-GEN, General Requirements and Information for the Certification of Radio Apparatus, Issue 3, Section 3.2.3 - Limited Modular Approval, does not contain a provision for certifying this type of device. On the other hand, the FCC Knowledge Database (KDB) entry, KDB 996369 D01 Module Certification Guide v01r01 guidance, Section VII - Additional Frequently Asked Questions and Answers Related to Modules, Question 11/Answer 11, provides guidance for approving modular devices with trace antennas. Can you advise whether IC would allow such a device given the FCC’s provision in KDB 996369 D01?

Answer: FCC and IC policies on modular transmitters tend to be similar, but each decides on its own policies.  Recently, we have received IC interpretation on modular transmitters that does not seem to differentiate for trace antennas.

IC requires that all modular transmitters meet all sections of RSS GEN, Issue 3斗地主达人, Section 3.2. This section identifies Labeling Requirements for the Host Device, Equipment Certification Requirements for Modular Transmitters, and a Modular Approval Checklist that must be met for the device to obtain approval. If the transmitter does not meet any one of the eight items in the checklist, the applicant is required to provide a detailed explanation to IC before a decision can be made to certify the device as a modular transmitter. The checklist includes the following items:

  • The radio elements must have the radio frequency circuitry shielded. Physical/discrete and tuning capacitors may be located external to the shield, but must be on the module assembly.
  • The module shall have buffered modulation/data input(s) (if such inputs are provided) to ensure that the module will comply with the requirements set out in the applicable RSS standard under conditions of excessive data rates or over-modulation.
  • The module shall have its own power supply regulation on the module. This is to ensure that the module will comply with the requirements set out in the applicable standard regardless of the design of the power supplying circuitry in the host device which houses the module.
  • The module shall comply with the provisions for external power amplifiers and antennas detailed in this standard. The equipment certification submission shall contain a detailed description of the configuration of all antennas that will be used with the module.
  • The module shall be tested for compliance with the applicable standard in a stand-alone configuration, i.e. the module must not be inside another device during testing.
  • The module shall comply with the Category I, equipment labeling requirements.
  • The module shall comply with applicable RSS-102 exposure requirements, which are based on the intended use/configurations.
  • Is the modular device for an Industry Canada licensed-exempt service?

IC is the final arbiter of its rules, regulations and policies, and all decisions with respect to regulatory approval. To render a final decision, IC may require additional technical information about your device. We suggest that you send an inquiry to IC if you need further clarification.


FCC’s Rules for Setting Device Parameters with Country Codes

Question: We manufacture wireless devices and we would like to allow our end-users, professional installers and/or authorized service dealers to set the operational conditions, radio frequency parameters and software controls for each device by setting its country code, which will configure the device based on that country’s regulations, in order to ensure compliance. We will also provide a warning statement in the user manual that will state “Select only the code for the country in which the device is going to be used; any other selection will void the FCC approval of this device and make it illegal to use.” Will the FCC allow this scenario?

Answer: The wireless device with the settings you describe would not be considered a Software Defined Radio (SDR). The FCC will only allow a SDR to be configured through software controls, or if it grants special exemption to configure a particular device through software controls. Otherwise, such configurations are not allowed (see - Certified operating frequency range).  Additional guidance on restrictions on software configurations for non-SDR devices can be found in FCC’s 594280 D01 Software Configuration Control v01. Please note that the FCC has posted for review a draft publication on country codes, 594280 Country Code Solution DR02, with proposed changes that will be published after the comment period. Comments must be received on or before May 6, 2011.


FCC’s “Permit But Ask” Policy

Question: We have manufactured an Ultra Mobile Personal Computer (UMPC) tablet device with the following specifications:

  • 7 inch display with no proximity sensor and no power reduction capability
  • GSM and WCDMA technology
  • SAR portable test results at 0.5mm test distance less than 1.4W/Kg, all sides (top and bottom)

Unfortunately, our EMC laboratory did not perform a pre-testing requirement called for in the FCC’s KDB publication 388624 D01 v08, Section 2.0(a) Pre-TCB PBA (Permit But Ask), which states you must submit an inquiry via the KDB before testing the device. We would now like to proceed with certification. Is it mandatory to start with a PBA inquiry to the FCC?

Answer: A Pre-TCB PBA is when non-TCBs request guidance from the FCC on matters relating to test methods, measurement and/or evaluation prior to the start of testing; TCB PBA procedure KDB publication 388624 D01 v08, Section 2.0(a) states the conditions when this is necessary. Recent FCC interpretations we have received and reviewed indicate that the aforementioned activity is a conformity activity performed only by TCBs.

Applicants, and/or agents, and/or test labs, may submit KDB inquiries for guidance on evaluating device types and/or functions for devices listed in KDB pub 388624 D02 v09r03 PBA List, especially when previous guidance may be applicable to a device type, and/or some level of experience has been gained for evaluations. When this is the case, interested parties (applicants, agents, test labs) may skip the Pre-TCB PBA step, and submit the device to a TCB for evaluation and processing under KDB 388624, Section 2(b) – TCB PBA. Under this process, the TCB must file a separate, new KDB inquiry via the TCB login, at which point the FCC’s oversight review would proceed as described in KDB pub 388624 and subsequent steps. Please note that the FCC is the final arbiter on its rules, regulations and policies. For further clarification we advise that you send an inquiry to the FCC KDB.


FCC and IC Guidance on Laptop SAR

Question: 斗地主达人We are a new manufacturer of laptop, notebook, and netbook computers and would like to know the applicable FCC and Industry Canada (IC) SAR requirements.

Answer: The FCC has three KDB guidance documents with criteria for evaluating SAR on laptop computers. These documents are:

  1. 616217 D01 SAR for Laptop with Screen Ant v01r01 – provides SAR evaluation considerations for laptop computers with antennas that are built into display screens.
  2. 616217 D02 SAR Polcy Laptop with Screen Ant v01r01 – provides the equipment authorization review and approval policies for the procedures in KDB Publication 616217, SAR Evaluation Considerations for Laptop Computers with Antennas Built-in on Display Screens.
  3. 616217 D03 SAR Supp Note and Netbook Laptop V01 – applies to transmitters and antennas incorporated in notebook/netbook and laptop computers for use in laptop or tablet modes.
  4. 447498 D01 Mobile Portable RF Exposure v04, Mobile and Portable Device RF Exposure, Equipment Authorization Procedures -- identifies certain RF exposure evaluation procedures and requirements, and equipment authorization policies for mobile and portable devices.

Industry Canada references the listed FCC guidance documents for evaluating SAR, as well as the following IC document:

  1. Radio Frequency (RF) Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication Apparatus (All Frequency Bands) 斗地主达人RSS-102 Issue 4, released March 2010; revision December 31, 2010 to replace footnote #13 on page 7 that references RSS-102 Supplementary Procedures (SPR)-001.  Dated January 1, 2011, SPR-001 defines IC’s SAR testing requirements with regard to bystanders for laptop type computers with antennas built-in on display screen (laptop mode/tablet mode).

Standards Updates

EU: NEW CENELEC STANDARDS RECENTLY RELEASED

This is a shortened list of the CENELEC standards published during the past month:

  • EN 60086-1:2011 (3/25/2011) Primary batteries - Part 1: General
  • EN 60086-2:2011 (3/25/2011) Primary batteries - Part 2: Physical and electrical specifications
  • EN 60086-3:2011 (3/25/2011) Primary batteries - Part 3: Watch batteries
  • EN 55016-2-1:2009/A1:2011 (4/1/2011) Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 2-1: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Conducted disturbance measurements
  • EN 55016-2-2:2011 (4/1/2011) Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 2-2: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Measurement of disturbance power
  • EN 60130-9:2011 (4/1/2011) Connectors for frequencies below 3 MHz - Part 9: Circular connectors for radio and associated sound equipment
  • EN 60255-22-5:2011 (4/1/2011) Measuring relays and protection equipment - Part 22-5: Electrical disturbance tests - Surge immunity test
  • EN 60601-2-52:2010/AC:2011 (4/1/2011) Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-52: Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of medical beds
  • EN 61000-4-22:2011 (4/1/2011) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-22: Testing and measurement techniques - Radiated emission and immunity measurements in fully anechoic rooms (FARs)
  • EN 60704-2-13:2011 (4/15/2011) Household and similar electrical appliances - Test code for the determination of airborne acoustical noise - Part 2-13: Particular requirements for range hoods
  • EN 61029-2-12:2011 (4/15/2011) Safety of transportable motor-operated electric tools - Part 2-12: Particular requirements for threading machines
  • EN 61169-41:2011 (4/15/2011) Radio-frequency connectors - Part 41: Sectional specification for CQA series quick lock R.F. coaxial connectors
  • EN 60601-2-57:2011 (4/8/2011) Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-57: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of non-laser light source equipment intended for therapeutic, diagnostic, monitoring and cosmetic/aesthetic use
  • EN 61810-2:2011 (4/8/2011) Electromechanical elementary relays - Part 2: Reliability
  • EN 61000-6-3:2007/A1:2011 (3/25/2011) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 6-3: Generic standards - Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

See for additional information.

EU: NEW IEC STANDARDS RECENTLY RELEASED

This is a shortened list of the new IEC standards published during the past month:

  • IEC 60825-4-am2 (3/29/2011) Amendment 2 - Safety of laser products - Part 4: Laser guards
  • IEC 62637-2 (3/30/2011) Battery charging interface for small handheld multimedia devices - Part 2: 2 mm barrel type interface conformance testing
  • IEC 61000-4-4 (3/30/2011) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-4: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
  • IEC 62637-1 (3/30/2011) Battery charging interface for small hand held multimedia devices - Part 1: 2mm barrel interface
  • IEC 62087-BD (3/13/2011) Methods of measurement for the power consumption of audio, video and related equipment
  • IEC 60601-2-27 (3/30/2011) Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-27: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of electrocardiographic monitoring equipment
  • IEC 61000-4-18 (3/30/2011) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-18: Testing and measurement techniques - Damped oscillatory wave immunity test
  • IEC 60512-8-2 (4/7/2011) Connectors for electronic equipment - Tests and measurements - Part 8-2: Static load tests (fixed connectors) - Test 8b: Static load, axial
  • IEC 61558-1 Corr.3 (4/11/2011) Corrigendum 3 - Safety of power transformers, power supplies, reactors and similar products - Part 1: General requirements and tests
  • IEC 60118-13 (4/11/2011) Electroacoustics - Hearing aids - Part 13: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
  • IEC 60598-2-3-am1 (4/14/2011) Amendment 1 - Luminaires - Part 2-3: Particular requirements - Luminaires for road and street lighting
  • IEC 60745-2-13 (4/14/2011) Hand-held motor-operated electric tools - Safety - Part 2-13: Particular requirements for chain saws
  • IEC 60601-1-11 Corr.1 (4/20/2011) Corrigendum 1 - Medical electrical equipment - Part 1-11: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance - Collateral Standard: Requirements for medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems used in the home healthcare environment
  • IEC 60335-2-53 (4/20/2011) Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-53: Particular requirements for sauna heating appliances and infrared cabins
  • IEC 60601-1-SER (4/20/2011) Medical electrical equipment - ALL PARTS

See for additional information.

EU: NEW ETSI STANDARDS RECENTLY RELEASED

斗地主达人This is a shortened list of the new ETSI standards published during the past month:

  • Data Link Services (DLS) System; Community Specification for application under the Single European Sky Interoperability Regulation EC 552/2004; Requirements for ground constituents and system testing
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specifications for GeoNetworking Basic Transport Protocol (BTP); Part 1: Test requirements and Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specifications for GeoNetworking Basic Transport Protocol (BTP); Part 2: Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes (TSS&TP)
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specifications for Geonetworking Basic Transport Protocol (BTP); Part 3: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and Protocol Implementation eXtra Information for Testing (PIXIT)
  • Smart Cards; Test specification for the ETSI aspects of the IC_USB interface; Part 2: UICC features (Release 7)
  • eCall communications equipment; Conformance to EU vehicle regulations, R&TTE, EMC & LV Directives, and EU regulations for eCall implementation
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specifications for Transmission of IP packets over GeoNetworking; Part 1: Test requirements and Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specification for Co-operative Awareness Messages (CAM); Part 1: Test requirements and Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Testing; Conformance test specification for Decentralized Environmental Notification Messages (DENM); Part 1: Test requirements and Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) proforma
  • eCall Network Access Device (NAD) conformance specification; Part 1: Protocol test specification
  • Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); UE Radio Access capabilities (3GPP TS 25.306 version 9.6.0 Release 9)
  • RRS 4Reconfigurable Radio Systems (RRS); Business and Cost considerations of Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Cognitive Radio (CR) in the Public Safety domain

See  for additional information.

US: FCC TAKES STEPS TO MAKE ADDITIONAL SPECTRUM

On April 6, 2011, the FCC released  which takes steps to make additional spectrum available for new investment in mobile broadband networks, while also ensuring the U。S。 maintains robust mobile satellite service capabilities。 The FCC added co-primary Fixed and Mobile allocations to the MSS 2 GHz band, consistent with the International Table of Allocations。 The FCC also extended its existing secondary market “spectrum manager” spectrum leasing policies, procedures, and rules that currently apply to wireless terrestrial services to the use of MSS/ATC spectrum for the provision of terrestrial services。

US: NEWLY ELECTED TCB COUNCIL BOARD OF DIRECTORS

During the TCB Council Membership meeting held the week of April 4, 2011  in Baltimore, Maryland, the 2009-2011 Board of Directors transitioned to the .  The new Board of Directors includes:

  • Mark Briggs, Chairperson
  • Gordon Hurst, Vice-Chairperson
  • Barbara L. Judge, Treasurer
  • Bruno Clavier
  • Michael Derby
  • Klaus Knoerig
  • Adam Alger
  • Riki Kline
  • Greg Kiemel, Immediate Past Chair

EU: UPDATED LIST OF HARMONIZED STANDARDS

On April 15, 2011, the European Commission published in the Official Journal of the European Union the following updated consolidated list of harmonized standards to be used for assessing compliance: 

Subscribe to Rhein Tech's Regulatory Update eNewsletter by emailing request to

Call us today! 703.689.0368
泛亚竞猜 大富翁水果机 皇冠体育网 大发体育 足彩胜负14场